Effects of bradykinin on voltage-gated KV4 channels in muscle dorsal root ganglion neurons of rats with experimental peripheral artery disease

Qin Li, Lu Qin, Jianhua Li

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Abstract

Key points: During exercise, bradykinin (BK), a muscle metabolite in ischaemic muscles, exaggerates autonomic responses to activation of muscle afferent nerves in peripheral artery disease (PAD). We examined whether BK inhibits activity of KV4 channels in muscle afferent neurons of PAD rats induced by femoral artery occlusion. We demonstrated that: 1) femoral occlusion attenuates KV4 currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervating the hindlimb muscles and decreases the threshold of action potential firing; 2) BK has a greater inhibitory effect on KV4 currents in muscle DRG neurons of PAD rats; and 3) expression of KV4.3 is downregulated in DRGs of PAD rats and inhibition of KV4.3 significantly decreases activity of KV4 currents in muscle DRG neurons. Femoral artery occlusion-induced limb ischaemia and/or ischaemia-induced metabolites (i.e. BK) inhibit activity of KV4 channels in muscle afferent neurons and this is likely involved in the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in PAD. Abstract: Muscle afferent nerve-activated reflex sympathetic nervous and blood pressure responses are exaggerated during exercise in patients with peripheral artery diseases (PAD) and in PAD rats induced by femoral artery occlusion. However, the precise signalling pathways and molecular mediators responsible for these abnormal autonomic responses in PAD are poorly understood. A-type voltage-gated K+ (KV) channels are quintessential regulators of cellular excitability in the various tissues. Among KV channels, KV4 (i.e. KV4.1 and KV4.3) in primary sensory neurons mainly participate in physiological functions in regulation of mechanical and chemical sensation. However, little is known about the role of KV4 in regulating neuronal activity in muscle afferent neurons of PAD. In addition, bradykinin (BK) is considered as a muscle metabolite contributing to the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in PAD rats with femoral artery occlusion. Our data demonstrated that: 1) KV4 currents are attenuated in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervating the hindlimb muscles of PAD rats, along with a decreasing threshold of action potential firing; 2) KV4 currents are inhibited by application of BK onto muscle DRG neurons of PAD rats to a greater degree; and 3) expression of KV4.3 is downregulated in the DRGs of PAD rats and KV4.3 channel is a major contributor to the activity of KV4 currents in muscle DRG neurons. In conclusion, data suggest that femoral artery occlusion-induced limb ischaemia and/or ischaemia-induced metabolites (i.e. BK) inhibit the activity of KV4 channels in muscle afferent neurons likely leading to the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex observed in PAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3567-3580
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume599
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

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