Effects of chemical insecticide residues and household surface type on a beauveria bassiana-based biopesticide (Aprehend®) for bed bug management

Ikkei Shikano, Giovani S. Bellicanta, Simona Principato, Nina E. Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The biopesticide Aprehend, containing spores of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana, is a biological control agent for the management of the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius L.) (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). The spores are applied in strategically placed barriers, which bed bugs walk across as they search for a bloodmeal. Application of chemical insecticides by the general public and professional pest managers is common, which means that Aprehend may be sprayed on existing insecticide residues. We evaluated the effect of chemical residues, of 22 different chemical insecticides on different household surface types. We found that residues from 12 chemical pesticides significantly reduced spore viability measured 5 weeks after application in comparison to the control. However, efficacy of Aprehend, as measured by bed bug mortality and mean survival time after exposure to sprayed surfaces, seven weeks after application was not impacted detrimentally. Furthermore, in some cases, efficacy of old chemical residues was enhanced by the combination of chemical and Aprehend seven weeks after application. Surface type also played a role in the relative efficacy of all products and combinations, particularly as the residues aged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInsects
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

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