Effects of constant-voltage stress on the stability of Parylene-C columnar microfibrous thin films

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Abstract

A systematic study of the degradation caused by electrical stress in Parylene-C columnar microfibrous thin films (μFTFs) was carried out to explore their suitability for applications in flexible electronics. The columnar μFTFs were fabricated by directing a collimated flux of Parylene-C monomers normally toward a planar substrate in a low-vacuum chamber. Metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors incorporating Parylene-C columnar μFTFs were fabricated and electrically characterized to examine reliability and electrical-stress resistance. The measured leakage current in and capacitance of MIMs were studied as functions of constant-voltage stress (CVS) applied to the MIMs. Room-temperature leakage current in the MIMs before and after CVS was found to be space-charge limited. The space charge comprises defects introduced during fabrication, no new defects being induced by the CVS. Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts relaxation was exploited to understand transient leakage-current behavior, and characteristic times in the 3.5-3.9 s range and stretch factors in the 4.2-5.2 range were determined. These parameters suggest that carrier trapping at defects and their polarization orientation are related to space-charge formation. Furthermore, capacitance dependences on time and frequency were found to be good indicators of the CVS-induced degradation and stability. Charge buildup in the Parylene-C columnar μ-FTFs is accompanied by capacitance decrease with CVS duration. Extrapolation of the capacitance-decrease dependence on CVS duration enables predictions of reliability over extended periods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8624227
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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Thin films
Electric potential
Capacitance
Electric space charge
Leakage currents
Defects
Flexible electronics
Degradation
Metals
Extrapolation
Capacitors
Monomers
Vacuum
Polarization
Fluxes
Fabrication
Substrates
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "A systematic study of the degradation caused by electrical stress in Parylene-C columnar microfibrous thin films (μFTFs) was carried out to explore their suitability for applications in flexible electronics. The columnar μFTFs were fabricated by directing a collimated flux of Parylene-C monomers normally toward a planar substrate in a low-vacuum chamber. Metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors incorporating Parylene-C columnar μFTFs were fabricated and electrically characterized to examine reliability and electrical-stress resistance. The measured leakage current in and capacitance of MIMs were studied as functions of constant-voltage stress (CVS) applied to the MIMs. Room-temperature leakage current in the MIMs before and after CVS was found to be space-charge limited. The space charge comprises defects introduced during fabrication, no new defects being induced by the CVS. Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts relaxation was exploited to understand transient leakage-current behavior, and characteristic times in the 3.5-3.9 s range and stretch factors in the 4.2-5.2 range were determined. These parameters suggest that carrier trapping at defects and their polarization orientation are related to space-charge formation. Furthermore, capacitance dependences on time and frequency were found to be good indicators of the CVS-induced degradation and stability. Charge buildup in the Parylene-C columnar μ-FTFs is accompanied by capacitance decrease with CVS duration. Extrapolation of the capacitance-decrease dependence on CVS duration enables predictions of reliability over extended periods.",
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N2 - A systematic study of the degradation caused by electrical stress in Parylene-C columnar microfibrous thin films (μFTFs) was carried out to explore their suitability for applications in flexible electronics. The columnar μFTFs were fabricated by directing a collimated flux of Parylene-C monomers normally toward a planar substrate in a low-vacuum chamber. Metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors incorporating Parylene-C columnar μFTFs were fabricated and electrically characterized to examine reliability and electrical-stress resistance. The measured leakage current in and capacitance of MIMs were studied as functions of constant-voltage stress (CVS) applied to the MIMs. Room-temperature leakage current in the MIMs before and after CVS was found to be space-charge limited. The space charge comprises defects introduced during fabrication, no new defects being induced by the CVS. Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts relaxation was exploited to understand transient leakage-current behavior, and characteristic times in the 3.5-3.9 s range and stretch factors in the 4.2-5.2 range were determined. These parameters suggest that carrier trapping at defects and their polarization orientation are related to space-charge formation. Furthermore, capacitance dependences on time and frequency were found to be good indicators of the CVS-induced degradation and stability. Charge buildup in the Parylene-C columnar μ-FTFs is accompanied by capacitance decrease with CVS duration. Extrapolation of the capacitance-decrease dependence on CVS duration enables predictions of reliability over extended periods.

AB - A systematic study of the degradation caused by electrical stress in Parylene-C columnar microfibrous thin films (μFTFs) was carried out to explore their suitability for applications in flexible electronics. The columnar μFTFs were fabricated by directing a collimated flux of Parylene-C monomers normally toward a planar substrate in a low-vacuum chamber. Metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors incorporating Parylene-C columnar μFTFs were fabricated and electrically characterized to examine reliability and electrical-stress resistance. The measured leakage current in and capacitance of MIMs were studied as functions of constant-voltage stress (CVS) applied to the MIMs. Room-temperature leakage current in the MIMs before and after CVS was found to be space-charge limited. The space charge comprises defects introduced during fabrication, no new defects being induced by the CVS. Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts relaxation was exploited to understand transient leakage-current behavior, and characteristic times in the 3.5-3.9 s range and stretch factors in the 4.2-5.2 range were determined. These parameters suggest that carrier trapping at defects and their polarization orientation are related to space-charge formation. Furthermore, capacitance dependences on time and frequency were found to be good indicators of the CVS-induced degradation and stability. Charge buildup in the Parylene-C columnar μ-FTFs is accompanied by capacitance decrease with CVS duration. Extrapolation of the capacitance-decrease dependence on CVS duration enables predictions of reliability over extended periods.

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