Effects of Correlated and Uncorrelated Gamma Rays on Neutron Multiplicity Counting

Christian C. Cowles, Richard S. Behling, George R. Imel, Richard T. Kouzes, Azaree Lintereur, Sean M. Robinson, Edward R. Siciliano, Sean C. Stave

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Scopus citations


    Neutron multiplicity counting relies on time correlation between neutron signals to assay the fissile mass, (α,n) to spontaneous fission neutron ratio, and neutron self-multiplication of samples. Gamma-ray sensitive neutron multiplicity counters may misidentify gamma rays as neutrons and therefore miscalculate sample characteristics. Time correlated and uncorrelated gamma-ray-like signals were added into gamma-ray free neutron multiplicity counter data to examine the effects of gamma-ray signals being misidentified as neutron signals on assays. Multiplicity counter measurements with and without gamma-ray-like signals were compared to determine the assay error associated with gamma-ray-like signals at various gamma-ray and neutron rates. Correlated and uncorrelated gamma-ray signals each produced consistent but different measurement errors. Correlated gamma-ray signals most strongly led to fissile mass overestimates, whereas uncorrelated gamma-ray signals most strongly lead to (α,n) neutron overestimates. Accounting for the effects of gamma rays on gamma-ray sensitive neutron multiplicity counters may allow these effects to be compensated for, thus mitigating the assay error associated with misidentified gamma rays.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number7867089
    Pages (from-to)1865-1870
    Number of pages6
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
    Issue number7
    StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Cowles, C. C., Behling, R. S., Imel, G. R., Kouzes, R. T., Lintereur, A., Robinson, S. M., Siciliano, E. R., & Stave, S. C. (2017). Effects of Correlated and Uncorrelated Gamma Rays on Neutron Multiplicity Counting. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 64(7), 1865-1870. [7867089]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TNS.2017.2667407