Effects of dietary 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced DNA adduct formation in lung and liver of A/J mice and F344 rats

Bogdan Prokopczyk, Jonathan E. Cox, Pramod Upadhyaya, Shantu Amin, Dhimant Desai, Dietrich Hoffmann, Karam El-Bayoumy

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Abstract

1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) was tested for its ability to inhibit DNA adduct formation induced by the tobacco-specific N-nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3 -pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in the liver and lung of A/J mice and F344 rats. Dietary p-XSC, providing a dose of 5 p.p.m. selenium, significantly inhibited the formation of 7-methylguanine (7-mGua) induced by a single i.p. injection of 10 μmol of NNK (12.8% inhibition at 4 h and 19.9% at 96 h) and O6-methylguanine (O6-mGua) (16.5% at 4 h and 34.8% at 96 h) in the liver of A/J mice. Dietary supplements of p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. of selenium reduced the levels of 7-mGua by 17.3% (4 h) and 33.6% (96 h). The formation of O6-mGua was inhibited by 69.5% (4 h) and 73.8% (96 h). In A/J mouse lung DNA the most significant reduction was observed in levels of O6-mGua. Dietary p-XSC at 5 p.p.m. as selenium inhibited the formation of this adduct by 73.1% (4 h). Ninety-six hours after NNK injection, and at both time points with p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. selenium, O6-mGua was not detected. Although levels of 7-mGua in mouse lung DNA were also reduced, this was significant only 4 h after carcinogen administration. In general, selenite at 5 p.p.m, as selenium had no significant effect on the levels of these lesions; however, it inhibited O6-mGua in the liver only 4 h after NNK administration. These effects may explain why there is chemopreventive activity for p-XSC, but not for selenite, in NNK-induced lung carcinogenesis in A/J mice. Moreover, these findings raised our interest in determining the potential chemopreventive activity of p-XSC against NNK-induced lung adenocarcinomas in male F344 rats by first determining its effects on NNK-induced DNA methylation in the lungs of rats. Diet supplemented with 10 p.p.m. selenium as p-XSC did indeed inhibit the formation of adducts in pulmonary DNA of F344 rats treated with four consecutive injections of 81 mg/kg of NNK. Statistically significant inhibition of O6-mGua formation was observed 4 h after carcinogen treatment in both pulmonary (49.1% inhibition) and hepatic (39.8%) DNA. Statistically significant inhibition of 7-mGua formation was also measured in lung DNA isolated 24 h after the last NNK injection (45.0%) and in liver DNA 4 h after carcinogen treatment (31.8%). These results suggest that p-XSC would also inhibit induction of lung adenocarcinoma in male F344 rats by NNK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-753
Number of pages5
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1996

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DNA Adducts
Inbred F344 Rats
Selenium
Lung
Liver
DNA
Carcinogens
Selenious Acid
Injections
Nitrosamines
1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate
4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone
DNA Methylation
Dietary Supplements
Tobacco
O-(6)-methylguanine
Carcinogenesis
Diet
7-methylguanine
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{e876b121c78348e29dbde2ec3945d383,
title = "Effects of dietary 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced DNA adduct formation in lung and liver of A/J mice and F344 rats",
abstract = "1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) was tested for its ability to inhibit DNA adduct formation induced by the tobacco-specific N-nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3 -pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in the liver and lung of A/J mice and F344 rats. Dietary p-XSC, providing a dose of 5 p.p.m. selenium, significantly inhibited the formation of 7-methylguanine (7-mGua) induced by a single i.p. injection of 10 μmol of NNK (12.8{\%} inhibition at 4 h and 19.9{\%} at 96 h) and O6-methylguanine (O6-mGua) (16.5{\%} at 4 h and 34.8{\%} at 96 h) in the liver of A/J mice. Dietary supplements of p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. of selenium reduced the levels of 7-mGua by 17.3{\%} (4 h) and 33.6{\%} (96 h). The formation of O6-mGua was inhibited by 69.5{\%} (4 h) and 73.8{\%} (96 h). In A/J mouse lung DNA the most significant reduction was observed in levels of O6-mGua. Dietary p-XSC at 5 p.p.m. as selenium inhibited the formation of this adduct by 73.1{\%} (4 h). Ninety-six hours after NNK injection, and at both time points with p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. selenium, O6-mGua was not detected. Although levels of 7-mGua in mouse lung DNA were also reduced, this was significant only 4 h after carcinogen administration. In general, selenite at 5 p.p.m, as selenium had no significant effect on the levels of these lesions; however, it inhibited O6-mGua in the liver only 4 h after NNK administration. These effects may explain why there is chemopreventive activity for p-XSC, but not for selenite, in NNK-induced lung carcinogenesis in A/J mice. Moreover, these findings raised our interest in determining the potential chemopreventive activity of p-XSC against NNK-induced lung adenocarcinomas in male F344 rats by first determining its effects on NNK-induced DNA methylation in the lungs of rats. Diet supplemented with 10 p.p.m. selenium as p-XSC did indeed inhibit the formation of adducts in pulmonary DNA of F344 rats treated with four consecutive injections of 81 mg/kg of NNK. Statistically significant inhibition of O6-mGua formation was observed 4 h after carcinogen treatment in both pulmonary (49.1{\%} inhibition) and hepatic (39.8{\%}) DNA. Statistically significant inhibition of 7-mGua formation was also measured in lung DNA isolated 24 h after the last NNK injection (45.0{\%}) and in liver DNA 4 h after carcinogen treatment (31.8{\%}). These results suggest that p-XSC would also inhibit induction of lung adenocarcinoma in male F344 rats by NNK.",
author = "Bogdan Prokopczyk and Cox, {Jonathan E.} and Pramod Upadhyaya and Shantu Amin and Dhimant Desai and Dietrich Hoffmann and Karam El-Bayoumy",
year = "1996",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/carcin/17.4.749",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "749--753",
journal = "Carcinogenesis",
issn = "0143-3334",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

Effects of dietary 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced DNA adduct formation in lung and liver of A/J mice and F344 rats. / Prokopczyk, Bogdan; Cox, Jonathan E.; Upadhyaya, Pramod; Amin, Shantu; Desai, Dhimant; Hoffmann, Dietrich; El-Bayoumy, Karam.

In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.04.1996, p. 749-753.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of dietary 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced DNA adduct formation in lung and liver of A/J mice and F344 rats

AU - Prokopczyk, Bogdan

AU - Cox, Jonathan E.

AU - Upadhyaya, Pramod

AU - Amin, Shantu

AU - Desai, Dhimant

AU - Hoffmann, Dietrich

AU - El-Bayoumy, Karam

PY - 1996/4/1

Y1 - 1996/4/1

N2 - 1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) was tested for its ability to inhibit DNA adduct formation induced by the tobacco-specific N-nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3 -pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in the liver and lung of A/J mice and F344 rats. Dietary p-XSC, providing a dose of 5 p.p.m. selenium, significantly inhibited the formation of 7-methylguanine (7-mGua) induced by a single i.p. injection of 10 μmol of NNK (12.8% inhibition at 4 h and 19.9% at 96 h) and O6-methylguanine (O6-mGua) (16.5% at 4 h and 34.8% at 96 h) in the liver of A/J mice. Dietary supplements of p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. of selenium reduced the levels of 7-mGua by 17.3% (4 h) and 33.6% (96 h). The formation of O6-mGua was inhibited by 69.5% (4 h) and 73.8% (96 h). In A/J mouse lung DNA the most significant reduction was observed in levels of O6-mGua. Dietary p-XSC at 5 p.p.m. as selenium inhibited the formation of this adduct by 73.1% (4 h). Ninety-six hours after NNK injection, and at both time points with p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. selenium, O6-mGua was not detected. Although levels of 7-mGua in mouse lung DNA were also reduced, this was significant only 4 h after carcinogen administration. In general, selenite at 5 p.p.m, as selenium had no significant effect on the levels of these lesions; however, it inhibited O6-mGua in the liver only 4 h after NNK administration. These effects may explain why there is chemopreventive activity for p-XSC, but not for selenite, in NNK-induced lung carcinogenesis in A/J mice. Moreover, these findings raised our interest in determining the potential chemopreventive activity of p-XSC against NNK-induced lung adenocarcinomas in male F344 rats by first determining its effects on NNK-induced DNA methylation in the lungs of rats. Diet supplemented with 10 p.p.m. selenium as p-XSC did indeed inhibit the formation of adducts in pulmonary DNA of F344 rats treated with four consecutive injections of 81 mg/kg of NNK. Statistically significant inhibition of O6-mGua formation was observed 4 h after carcinogen treatment in both pulmonary (49.1% inhibition) and hepatic (39.8%) DNA. Statistically significant inhibition of 7-mGua formation was also measured in lung DNA isolated 24 h after the last NNK injection (45.0%) and in liver DNA 4 h after carcinogen treatment (31.8%). These results suggest that p-XSC would also inhibit induction of lung adenocarcinoma in male F344 rats by NNK.

AB - 1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) was tested for its ability to inhibit DNA adduct formation induced by the tobacco-specific N-nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3 -pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in the liver and lung of A/J mice and F344 rats. Dietary p-XSC, providing a dose of 5 p.p.m. selenium, significantly inhibited the formation of 7-methylguanine (7-mGua) induced by a single i.p. injection of 10 μmol of NNK (12.8% inhibition at 4 h and 19.9% at 96 h) and O6-methylguanine (O6-mGua) (16.5% at 4 h and 34.8% at 96 h) in the liver of A/J mice. Dietary supplements of p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. of selenium reduced the levels of 7-mGua by 17.3% (4 h) and 33.6% (96 h). The formation of O6-mGua was inhibited by 69.5% (4 h) and 73.8% (96 h). In A/J mouse lung DNA the most significant reduction was observed in levels of O6-mGua. Dietary p-XSC at 5 p.p.m. as selenium inhibited the formation of this adduct by 73.1% (4 h). Ninety-six hours after NNK injection, and at both time points with p-XSC providing 15 p.p.m. selenium, O6-mGua was not detected. Although levels of 7-mGua in mouse lung DNA were also reduced, this was significant only 4 h after carcinogen administration. In general, selenite at 5 p.p.m, as selenium had no significant effect on the levels of these lesions; however, it inhibited O6-mGua in the liver only 4 h after NNK administration. These effects may explain why there is chemopreventive activity for p-XSC, but not for selenite, in NNK-induced lung carcinogenesis in A/J mice. Moreover, these findings raised our interest in determining the potential chemopreventive activity of p-XSC against NNK-induced lung adenocarcinomas in male F344 rats by first determining its effects on NNK-induced DNA methylation in the lungs of rats. Diet supplemented with 10 p.p.m. selenium as p-XSC did indeed inhibit the formation of adducts in pulmonary DNA of F344 rats treated with four consecutive injections of 81 mg/kg of NNK. Statistically significant inhibition of O6-mGua formation was observed 4 h after carcinogen treatment in both pulmonary (49.1% inhibition) and hepatic (39.8%) DNA. Statistically significant inhibition of 7-mGua formation was also measured in lung DNA isolated 24 h after the last NNK injection (45.0%) and in liver DNA 4 h after carcinogen treatment (31.8%). These results suggest that p-XSC would also inhibit induction of lung adenocarcinoma in male F344 rats by NNK.

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