Effects of dietary zinc supplementation on broiler performance and nitrogen loss from manure

W. K. Kim, P. H. Patterson

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of ZnSO4 or ZnO supplementation of broiler diets on growth performance and loss of uric acid N and total N from manure. A total of 240, 1-d-old broiler males were used for this experiment. Each dietary treatment was replicated 3 times with 10 birds per replicate. Chicks were fed a control diet for the first 6 d and then treatment diets for the next 12 d. There were 8 dietary treatments: the control, CuSO 4-20, ZnSO4-500, ZnSO4-1,000, ZnSO 4-1,500, ZnO-500, ZnO-1,000, and ZnO-1,500 containing 0, 0, 500, 1,000, 1,500 ppm supplemental Zn as ZnSO4 and 500, 1,000, and 1,500 ppm supplemental Zn as ZnO, respectively. A 300-g sample of the broiler manure from each treatment was incubated in a pan for 3 wk at room temperature. After incubation, samples were collected for the measurement of total N and uric acid N. Weight gain, feed consumption, and feed efficiency of chicks fed the diets supplemented with 1,500 ppm Zn as ZnSO4 were significantly lower than those of the other treatments, whereas the ZnO treatments had no negative effects on growth performance. After the 21-d incubation, the uric acid-N levels of manure from chicks fed the ZnO-1,000 treatment were significantly higher than those of manure from chicks fed the ZnSO4-500. The manure from chicks fed the Zn-supplemented diets had significantly less total N loss compared with that from chicks fed the control. The manure from chicks fed ZnO-1,500 had significantly less total N loss than that from chicks fed the other treatment diets. This study indicated that the Zn treatments significantly reduced nitrogen loss in poultry manure, and ZnO could be a better Zn source to prevent nitrogen loss to the atmosphere without any detrimental effect on growth performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-38
Number of pages5
JournalPoultry science
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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