Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine

Daniel Kocis, Kihoon Song, Hyungsik Lee, Thomas Litzinger

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were performed in an optically-accessible DI Diesel engine to investigate the effects of the addition of two oxygenated blending compounds to Diesel fuel, dimethoxymethane (DMM) and dimethylcarbonate (DMC). The focus of the study was to determine whether the structure of the oxygenated compound affects the production of soot. Laser light extinction was used to measure soot variation during combustion as well as exhaust soot levels. NO x , CO 2 and CO concentrations in the engine exhaust were also measured using gas analyzers. Each oxygenated compound was blended into the base Diesel fuel to obtain 2% and 4% oxygen by mass. Heat release analysis showed that modifications of the heat release characteristics from those of the base fuel were significant, with increases of up to 1.7° in ignition delay and increases in the amount of premixed burn. The addition of the oxygenated compounds decreased the peak level of soot during combustion as well as the exhaust soot levels. For each level of oxygen addition, DMM was more effective than DMC at reducing soot. Reductions in NO x of 5 to 17% were also observed; no changes in CO levels were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
EventInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Oct 16 2000Oct 19 2000

Other

OtherInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period10/16/0010/19/00

Fingerprint

Soot
Diesel engines
Diesel fuels
Light extinction
Exhaust systems (engine)
Oxygen
Ignition
Lasers
Gases
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Kocis, D., Song, K., Lee, H., & Litzinger, T. (2000). Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, MD, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-2795
Kocis, Daniel ; Song, Kihoon ; Lee, Hyungsik ; Litzinger, Thomas. / Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, MD, United States.
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Kocis, D, Song, K, Lee, H & Litzinger, T 2000, 'Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine' Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, MD, United States, 10/16/00 - 10/19/00, . https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-2795

Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine. / Kocis, Daniel; Song, Kihoon; Lee, Hyungsik; Litzinger, Thomas.

2000. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Experiments were performed in an optically-accessible DI Diesel engine to investigate the effects of the addition of two oxygenated blending compounds to Diesel fuel, dimethoxymethane (DMM) and dimethylcarbonate (DMC). The focus of the study was to determine whether the structure of the oxygenated compound affects the production of soot. Laser light extinction was used to measure soot variation during combustion as well as exhaust soot levels. NO x , CO 2 and CO concentrations in the engine exhaust were also measured using gas analyzers. Each oxygenated compound was blended into the base Diesel fuel to obtain 2% and 4% oxygen by mass. Heat release analysis showed that modifications of the heat release characteristics from those of the base fuel were significant, with increases of up to 1.7° in ignition delay and increases in the amount of premixed burn. The addition of the oxygenated compounds decreased the peak level of soot during combustion as well as the exhaust soot levels. For each level of oxygen addition, DMM was more effective than DMC at reducing soot. Reductions in NO x of 5 to 17% were also observed; no changes in CO levels were observed.

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Kocis D, Song K, Lee H, Litzinger T. Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible di diesel engine. 2000. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, MD, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-2795