Effects of exhaust gas recirculation and load on soot in a heavy-duty optical diesel engine with close-coupled post injections for high-efficiency combustion phasing

Jacqueline O'Connor, Mark Musculus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

In-cylinder strategies to reduce soot emissions have demonstrated the potential to lessen the burden on, and likely the size and cost of, exhaust aftertreatment systems for diesel engines. One in-cylinder strategy for soot abatement is the use of close-coupled post injections. These short injections closely following the end of the main injection can alter soot-formation and/or oxidation characteristics enough to significantly reduce engine-out soot. Despite the large body of literature on post injections for soot reduction, a clear consensus has not yet been achieved regarding either the detailed mechanisms that affect the soot reduction, or even the sensitivity of the post-injection efficacy to several important engine operating parameters. We report that post injections reduce soot at a range of close-coupled post-injection durations, intake-oxygen levels, and loads in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. Maximum soot reductions by post injections at the loads and conditions tested range from 40% at 21% intake oxygen (by volume) to 62% at 12.6% intake oxygen. From a more fundamental fluid-mechanical perspective, adding a post injection to a constant maininjection for conditions with low dilution (21% and 18% intake oxygen) decreases soot relative to the original main injection, even though the load is increased by the post injection. High-speed visualization of natural combustion luminosity and laser-induced incandescence of soot suggest that as the post-injection duration increases and the post injection becomes more effective at reducing soot, it interacts more strongly with soot remaining from the main injection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-443
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Engine Research
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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