In-cylinder strategies to reduce soot emissions have demonstrated the potential to lessen the burden on, and likely the size and cost of, exhaust aftertreatment systems for diesel engines. One in-cylinder strategy for soot abatement is the use of close-coupled post injections. These short injections closely following the end of the main injection can alter soot-formation and/or oxidation characteristics enough to significantly reduce engine-out soot. Despite the large body of literature on post injections for soot reduction, a clear consensus has not yet been achieved regarding either the detailed mechanisms that affect the soot reduction, or even the sensitivity of the post-injection efficacy to several important engine operating parameters. We report that post injections reduce soot at a range of close-coupled post-injection durations, intake-oxygen levels, and loads in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. Maximum soot reductions by post injections at the loads and conditions tested range from 40% at 21% intake oxygen (by volume) to 62% at 12.6% intake oxygen. From a more fundamental fluid-mechanical perspective, adding a post injection to a constant maininjection for conditions with low dilution (21% and 18% intake oxygen) decreases soot relative to the original main injection, even though the load is increased by the post injection. High-speed visualization of natural combustion luminosity and laser-induced incandescence of soot suggest that as the post-injection duration increases and the post injection becomes more effective at reducing soot, it interacts more strongly with soot remaining from the main injection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Ocean Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering