Effects of expectancy on the outcome of systematic desensitization and implosive treatments for analogue anxiety

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fifty college female subjects, selected on the basis of their pretest, avoidance of a snake, were randomly assigned to four conditions; (a) desensitization, (b) implosion, (c) avoidance response, and (d) no-therapy. Half of the subjects received therapeutic instructions to establish a positive expectancy of improvement while, the other half received instructions designed to avoid establishing expectancy of improvement. After four sessions, the posttest was administered. It was found that desensitization and implosion both resulted in decreased pulse rate. The expectancy manipulation strongly affected overt, behavioral measures of fear. Implosion was most influenced by the expectancy effects, while positive expectancy implosion showed the most improvement over the traditional no-therapy group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalBehavior Therapy
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1972

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of expectancy on the outcome of systematic desensitization and implosive treatments for analogue anxiety'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this