Effects of Feed and Water Deprivation on Ruminal Characteristics and Microbial Population of Newly Weaned and Feedlot-Adapted Calves

F. L. Fluharty, Steven Loerch, B. A. Dehority

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of length of feed and water deprivation on ruminal microbes and ruminal characteristics. In Exp. 1, treatments were as follows: 1) weaned, but not trucked (0 h), 2) weaned, trucked, and fasted for 48 h (48 h), and 3) weaned, trucked, and fasted for 72 h (72 h). On d 0 (arrival back at the feedlot after treatment), DMI, ruminal volume (P < .05), and weight of ruminal contents (P < .05) decreased as length of feed and water deprivation increased. However, on d 4, there were no longer any differences (P > .10) in DMI or weight of ruminal contents. On d 0, percentage of ruminal DM in the 48- and 72-h treatment groups was lower (P < .01) than in the 0-h treatment group, but there were no differences (P > .10) by d 4. After the steers used in Exp. 1 had been in the feedlot for 28 d, they were reallotted, and the three treatments (except for weaning) were repeated; the 0-h group remained at the feedlot. On d 0, DMI of the 48-h group was lower (P < .05) than that of the 0-h group; DMI of the 72-h group was intermediate. On d 0, the 0-h treatment group had a greater ruminal DM percentage than the 48- and 72-h treatment groups (P < .05); however, due to large within-treatment variation the total weight of ruminal contents did not differ (P > .10) among treatments. There were no decreases (P > .10) in cellulolytic or total bacterial concentration or in the ruminal numbers of cellulolytic or total bacteria due to length of feed and water deprivation on d 0 in either Exp. 1 or 2. In both trials, 48 and 72 h of feed and water deprivation decreased (P < .05) protozoal numbers on d 0 and 4 compared with the 0-h treatment group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-474
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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