Effects of four commercial fungal formulations on mortality and sporulation in house flies (Musca domestica) and stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans)

E. N.I. Weeks, E. T. Machtinger, S. A. Gezan, P. E. Kaufman, C. J. Geden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The house fly Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) are major pests of livestock. Biological control is an important tool in an integrated control framework. Increased mortality in filth flies has been documented with entomopathogenic fungi, several strains of which are commercially available. Three strains of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) and one strain of Metarhizium brunneum (Petch) (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) were tested in commercial formulations for pathogenicity against house flies and stable flies. There was a significant increase in mortality of house flies with three of the formulations, BotaniGard® ES, Mycotrol® O, and Met52® EC, during days 4–9 in comparison with balEnce™ and the control. In stable flies, mortality rates were highest with Met52® EC, followed by Mycotrol® O, BotaniGard® ES and, finally, balEnce™. There was a significant fungal effect on sporulation in both house flies and stable flies. Product formulation, species differences and fungal strains may be responsible for some of the differences observed. Future testing in field situations is necessary. These commercial biopesticides may represent important tools in integrated fly management programmes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Muscidae
Houseflies
Stomoxys calcitrans
sporulation
Musca domestica
Hospital Mortality
Diptera
mortality
Hypocreales
Metarhizium brunneum
Cordycipitaceae
Clavicipitaceae
biopesticides
Beauveria bassiana
entomopathogenic fungi
interspecific variation
Metarhizium
Beauveria
Biological Control Agents
biological control

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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abstract = "The house fly Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) and stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) are major pests of livestock. Biological control is an important tool in an integrated control framework. Increased mortality in filth flies has been documented with entomopathogenic fungi, several strains of which are commercially available. Three strains of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) and one strain of Metarhizium brunneum (Petch) (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) were tested in commercial formulations for pathogenicity against house flies and stable flies. There was a significant increase in mortality of house flies with three of the formulations, BotaniGard{\circledR} ES, Mycotrol{\circledR} O, and Met52{\circledR} EC, during days 4–9 in comparison with balEnce™ and the control. In stable flies, mortality rates were highest with Met52{\circledR} EC, followed by Mycotrol{\circledR} O, BotaniGard{\circledR} ES and, finally, balEnce™. There was a significant fungal effect on sporulation in both house flies and stable flies. Product formulation, species differences and fungal strains may be responsible for some of the differences observed. Future testing in field situations is necessary. These commercial biopesticides may represent important tools in integrated fly management programmes.",
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Effects of four commercial fungal formulations on mortality and sporulation in house flies (Musca domestica) and stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans). / Weeks, E. N.I.; Machtinger, E. T.; Gezan, S. A.; Kaufman, P. E.; Geden, C. J.

In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 15-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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