Effects of growth temperature and strictly anaerobic recovery on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes during pasteurization

S. J. Knabel, H. W. Walker, P. A. Hartman, A. F. Mendonca

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106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes F5069 was suspended in either Trypticase soy broth-0.6% yeast extract (TSBYE) or sterile, whole milk and heated at 62.8°C in sealed thermal death time tubes. Severely heat-injured cells were recovered in TSBYE within sealed thermal death time tubes because of the formation of reduced conditions in the depths of the TSBYE. Also, the use of strictly anaerobic Hungate techniques significantly increased recovery in TSBYE containing 1.5% agar compared with aerobically incubated controls. The exogenous addition of catalase, but not superoxide dismutase, slightly increased the recovery of heat-injured cells in TSBYE containing 1.5% agar incubated aerobically. Growth of cells at 43°C caused a greater increase in heat resistance as compared with cells heat shocked at 43°C or cells grown at lower temperatures. Growth of L. monocytogenes at 43°C and enumeration by the use of strictly anaerobic Hungate techniques resulted in D(62.8°C) values that were at least sixfold greater than those previously obtained by using cells grown at 37°C and aerobic plating. Results indicate that, under the conditions of the present study, high levels of L. monocytogenes would survive the minimum low-temperature, long-time treatment required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for pasteurizing milk. The possible survival of low levels of L. monocytogenes during high-temperature, short-time pasteurization and enumeration of injured cells by recovery on selective media under strictly anaerobic conditions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-376
Number of pages7
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology

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