Effects of haemorrhage induced hypotension on coronary blood flow in an anaesthetised two vessel canine coronary stenosis-occlusion model

Joseph Gascho, John H. Lawrence, George A. Beller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Study abjective - Previous experiments from our group have shown that left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the presence of hypotension caused by intravenous glyceryl trinitrate in an open chest canine model caused endocardial flow to fall in myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of hypotension in a similar open chest model but without the vasodilating effect of glyceryl trinitrate on coronary vessels.Design - Blood flow to and function of remote myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery [gradient 27(SEM 3) mm Hg] was determined in anaesthetised dogs after haemorrhage induced hypotension [mean aortic pressure 70(3) mm Hg] and after left anterior descending coronary occlusion. Transmural blood flow was measured using microspheres and myocardial wall thickness with sonomicrometer crystals.Subjects - 11 healthy mongrel dogs were used, weight 25 kg (range 19-33).Measurements and main results - Haemorrhage induced hypotension in the setting of a circumflex stenosis reduced endocardial blood flow to the posterior myocardial bed from 0.84(0.14) to 0.57(0.07) ml·min-1·g-1 but did not alter percent myocardial thickening. When the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in the presence of the circumflex stenosis and haemorrhage induced hypotension, there was no further decrease in endocardial blood flow to or thickening of the posterior myocardial bed, despite a reduction in mean coronary artery pressure from 54(3) to 43(3) mm Hg.Conclusions - These findings are in contrast to our previous findings where hypotension was induced by glyceryl trinitrate. Remote myocardial ischaemia appears to be attenuated in this two vessel stenosis-occlusion model in which hypotension is produced by haemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Controlled Hypotension
Coronary Stenosis
Coronary Occlusion
Canidae
Coronary Vessels
Hemorrhage
Nitroglycerin
Hypotension
Pathologic Constriction
Myocardium
Thorax
Dogs
Microspheres
Myocardial Ischemia
Healthy Volunteers
Arterial Pressure
Pressure
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Effects of haemorrhage induced hypotension on coronary blood flow in an anaesthetised two vessel canine coronary stenosis-occlusion model",
abstract = "Study abjective - Previous experiments from our group have shown that left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the presence of hypotension caused by intravenous glyceryl trinitrate in an open chest canine model caused endocardial flow to fall in myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of hypotension in a similar open chest model but without the vasodilating effect of glyceryl trinitrate on coronary vessels.Design - Blood flow to and function of remote myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery [gradient 27(SEM 3) mm Hg] was determined in anaesthetised dogs after haemorrhage induced hypotension [mean aortic pressure 70(3) mm Hg] and after left anterior descending coronary occlusion. Transmural blood flow was measured using microspheres and myocardial wall thickness with sonomicrometer crystals.Subjects - 11 healthy mongrel dogs were used, weight 25 kg (range 19-33).Measurements and main results - Haemorrhage induced hypotension in the setting of a circumflex stenosis reduced endocardial blood flow to the posterior myocardial bed from 0.84(0.14) to 0.57(0.07) ml·min-1·g-1 but did not alter percent myocardial thickening. When the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in the presence of the circumflex stenosis and haemorrhage induced hypotension, there was no further decrease in endocardial blood flow to or thickening of the posterior myocardial bed, despite a reduction in mean coronary artery pressure from 54(3) to 43(3) mm Hg.Conclusions - These findings are in contrast to our previous findings where hypotension was induced by glyceryl trinitrate. Remote myocardial ischaemia appears to be attenuated in this two vessel stenosis-occlusion model in which hypotension is produced by haemorrhage.",
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Effects of haemorrhage induced hypotension on coronary blood flow in an anaesthetised two vessel canine coronary stenosis-occlusion model. / Gascho, Joseph; Lawrence, John H.; Beller, George A.

In: Cardiovascular Research, Vol. 24, No. 3, 01.01.1990, p. 176-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of haemorrhage induced hypotension on coronary blood flow in an anaesthetised two vessel canine coronary stenosis-occlusion model

AU - Gascho, Joseph

AU - Lawrence, John H.

AU - Beller, George A.

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - Study abjective - Previous experiments from our group have shown that left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the presence of hypotension caused by intravenous glyceryl trinitrate in an open chest canine model caused endocardial flow to fall in myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of hypotension in a similar open chest model but without the vasodilating effect of glyceryl trinitrate on coronary vessels.Design - Blood flow to and function of remote myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery [gradient 27(SEM 3) mm Hg] was determined in anaesthetised dogs after haemorrhage induced hypotension [mean aortic pressure 70(3) mm Hg] and after left anterior descending coronary occlusion. Transmural blood flow was measured using microspheres and myocardial wall thickness with sonomicrometer crystals.Subjects - 11 healthy mongrel dogs were used, weight 25 kg (range 19-33).Measurements and main results - Haemorrhage induced hypotension in the setting of a circumflex stenosis reduced endocardial blood flow to the posterior myocardial bed from 0.84(0.14) to 0.57(0.07) ml·min-1·g-1 but did not alter percent myocardial thickening. When the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in the presence of the circumflex stenosis and haemorrhage induced hypotension, there was no further decrease in endocardial blood flow to or thickening of the posterior myocardial bed, despite a reduction in mean coronary artery pressure from 54(3) to 43(3) mm Hg.Conclusions - These findings are in contrast to our previous findings where hypotension was induced by glyceryl trinitrate. Remote myocardial ischaemia appears to be attenuated in this two vessel stenosis-occlusion model in which hypotension is produced by haemorrhage.

AB - Study abjective - Previous experiments from our group have shown that left anterior descending coronary occlusion in the presence of hypotension caused by intravenous glyceryl trinitrate in an open chest canine model caused endocardial flow to fall in myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of hypotension in a similar open chest model but without the vasodilating effect of glyceryl trinitrate on coronary vessels.Design - Blood flow to and function of remote myocardium supplied by a stenosed circumflex coronary artery [gradient 27(SEM 3) mm Hg] was determined in anaesthetised dogs after haemorrhage induced hypotension [mean aortic pressure 70(3) mm Hg] and after left anterior descending coronary occlusion. Transmural blood flow was measured using microspheres and myocardial wall thickness with sonomicrometer crystals.Subjects - 11 healthy mongrel dogs were used, weight 25 kg (range 19-33).Measurements and main results - Haemorrhage induced hypotension in the setting of a circumflex stenosis reduced endocardial blood flow to the posterior myocardial bed from 0.84(0.14) to 0.57(0.07) ml·min-1·g-1 but did not alter percent myocardial thickening. When the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in the presence of the circumflex stenosis and haemorrhage induced hypotension, there was no further decrease in endocardial blood flow to or thickening of the posterior myocardial bed, despite a reduction in mean coronary artery pressure from 54(3) to 43(3) mm Hg.Conclusions - These findings are in contrast to our previous findings where hypotension was induced by glyceryl trinitrate. Remote myocardial ischaemia appears to be attenuated in this two vessel stenosis-occlusion model in which hypotension is produced by haemorrhage.

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U2 - 10.1093/cvr/24.3.176

DO - 10.1093/cvr/24.3.176

M3 - Review article

VL - 24

SP - 176

EP - 181

JO - Cardiovascular Research

JF - Cardiovascular Research

SN - 0008-6363

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