Effects of hydrophobic polymer content in GDL on power performance of a PEM fuel cell

Chan Lim, C. Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

350 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of hydrophobic polymer content within a carbon paper, used as the cathode gas diffusion layer (GDL), on power performance of a H2/air proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) have been studied. Electrochemical methods are used in conjunction with morphology and wetting property characterization. Surface contact angle of wet-proof-treated GDL as a function of temperature is measured by a novel capillary rise method. It is shown that the contact angle generally decreases with the temperature, and that there is insignificant difference in contact angle on carbon papers treated with different contents of fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) ranging from 10 to 40wt.%. Under all humidification conditions in this study, a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) consisting of 10wt.% FEP-impregnated GDL shows higher power densities than 30wt.% FEP-impregnated one. Surface morphology of the hydrophobic polymer-treated carbon paper has been analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and is identified as playing a crucial role in affecting the power performance of such treated GDL in the PEM fuel cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4149-4156
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume49
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2004

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Diffusion in gases
Fuel cells
Polymers
Propylene
Contact angle
Ethylene
Carbon
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Surface morphology
Wetting
Cathodes
Membranes
Temperature
Scanning electron microscopy
Electrodes
Air
fluorinated ethylene propylene

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Effects of hydrophobic polymer content within a carbon paper, used as the cathode gas diffusion layer (GDL), on power performance of a H2/air proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) have been studied. Electrochemical methods are used in conjunction with morphology and wetting property characterization. Surface contact angle of wet-proof-treated GDL as a function of temperature is measured by a novel capillary rise method. It is shown that the contact angle generally decreases with the temperature, and that there is insignificant difference in contact angle on carbon papers treated with different contents of fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) ranging from 10 to 40wt.{\%}. Under all humidification conditions in this study, a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) consisting of 10wt.{\%} FEP-impregnated GDL shows higher power densities than 30wt.{\%} FEP-impregnated one. Surface morphology of the hydrophobic polymer-treated carbon paper has been analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and is identified as playing a crucial role in affecting the power performance of such treated GDL in the PEM fuel cell.",
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Effects of hydrophobic polymer content in GDL on power performance of a PEM fuel cell. / Lim, Chan; Wang, C. Y.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 49, No. 24, 30.09.2004, p. 4149-4156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lim, Chan

AU - Wang, C. Y.

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AB - Effects of hydrophobic polymer content within a carbon paper, used as the cathode gas diffusion layer (GDL), on power performance of a H2/air proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) have been studied. Electrochemical methods are used in conjunction with morphology and wetting property characterization. Surface contact angle of wet-proof-treated GDL as a function of temperature is measured by a novel capillary rise method. It is shown that the contact angle generally decreases with the temperature, and that there is insignificant difference in contact angle on carbon papers treated with different contents of fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) ranging from 10 to 40wt.%. Under all humidification conditions in this study, a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) consisting of 10wt.% FEP-impregnated GDL shows higher power densities than 30wt.% FEP-impregnated one. Surface morphology of the hydrophobic polymer-treated carbon paper has been analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and is identified as playing a crucial role in affecting the power performance of such treated GDL in the PEM fuel cell.

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