Effects of imitative and conversational recasting treatment on the acquisition of grammar in children with specific language impairment and younger language-normal children

Keith Nelson, Stephen M. Camarata, Janet Agnes Welsh, Laura Butkovsky, Mary Camarata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to compare the relative effectiveness of imitative treatment and conversational recast treatment in children with language impairment and in a group of children with normal language skills. Language treatment outcomes were compared between a group of older (4.7 to 6.7) specifically-language-impaired (SLI) children and a group of younger (2.2 to 4.2) language-normal (LN) children matched on language levels and on intervention targets. The results indicated: (a) Target acquisition was more rapid under conversational recast treatment for both groups. (b) This outcome held for targets absent initially (in pretreatment sampling and probing) as well as for initially partially mastered targets. (c) SLI children sometimes can learn grammatical structures as efficiently as language-normal children if similar language input is tailored to their specific developmental language levels. Implications of these findings for language treatment strategies with SLI children are discussed. Theoretical models compatible with the data also are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-859
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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