Effects of intermittent and continuous pheromone stimulation on the flight behaviour of the oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta

MARK A. WILLIS, THOMAS C. BAKER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT. When male oriental fruit moths, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Tortricidae), casting in clean air entered an airstream permeated with pheromone their flight tracks changed immediately on initial contact with pheromone, but after a few seconds returned to casting as if in clean air. The degree of change in the flight track was directly related to the concentration of pheromone. Although little net uptunnel movement occurred in response to the continuous stimulation provided by a uniformly permeated airstream, when an intermittent stimulus provided by a point‐source plume was superimposed onto the permeated airstream moths were able to ‘lock on’ and zigzag uptunnel in the plume. The percentage of moths doing so corresponded to the difference between the peak concentration within the plume and the background concentration of pheromone permeating the airstream. Moths also locked onto, and flew upwind along the pheromone‐clean‐air boundary formed along a pheromone‐permeated side corridor. Because a similar response was observed along a horizontal edge between a pheromone‐permeated floor corridor and clean air, we conclude that the intermittent stimulation at the edge perpetuated the narrow zigzagging response to pheromone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-358
Number of pages18
JournalPhysiological Entomology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

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