One of the possible mechanisms of antiviral action of ribavirin (1-β-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide, 1) is the accumulation of mutations in viral genomic RNA. The ambiguous incorporation of 5′-triphosphate of ribavirin (RTP, 8) by a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is a key step of the mutation induction. We synthesized three ribavirin analogues that possess hydrophobic groups, 4-iodo-1-β-D- ribofuranosylpyrazole-3-carboxamide (7a), 4-propynyl-1-β-D- ribofuranosylpyrazole-3-carboxamide (7b), and 4-phenylethynyl-1-β-D- ribofuranosylpyrazole-3-carboxamide (7c), and the corresponding triphosphates (9a, 9b, and 9c, respectively). Steady-state kinetics analysis of the incorporation of these triphosphate analogues by a poliovirus RdRp, 3D pol, revealed that while the incorporation efficiency of 9a was comparable to RTP, 9b and 9c showed lower efficiency than RTP. Antipolioviral activity of 7a and 7b was much more moderate than ribavirin, and 7c showed no antipolioviral activity. Effects of substituting groups on the incorporation efficiency by 3Dpol and a strategy for a rational design of more active ribavirin analogues are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery