Effects of low O2 root stress on ethylene biosynthesis in tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum mill cv heinz 1350)

Tzann Wei Wang, Richard N. Arteca

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low O2 conditions were obtained by flowing N2 through the solution in which the tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill cv Heinz 1350) were growing. Time course experiments revealed that low O2 treatments stimulated 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase production in the roots and leaves. After the initiation of low O2 conditions, ACC synthase activity and ACC content in the roots increased and reached a peak after 12 and 20 hours, respectively. The conversion of ACC to ethylene in the roots was inhibited by low levels of O2, and ACC was apparently transported to the leaves where it was converted to ethylene. ACC synthase activity in the leaves was also stimulated by low O2 treatment to the roots, reaching a peak after 24 hours. ACC synthase levels were enhanced by cobalt chloride and aminooxyacetic acid (AOA), although they inhibited ethylene production. Cobalt chloride enhanced ACC synthase only in combination with low O2 conditions in the roots. Under aeration, AOA stimulated ACC synthase activity in both the roots and leaves. However, in combination with low O2 conditions, AOA caused a stimulation in ACC synthase activity in the leaves and no effect in the roots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-100
Number of pages4
JournalPlant physiology
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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