This study examined whether response to behavior modification with and without methylphenidate differed for children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct problems (CP) depending on the presence of callous/unemotional (CU) traits. Participants were 37 children ages 7 to 12, including 19 with ADHD/CP-only and 18 with ADHD/CP-CU, referred to a university-based summer treatment program. Results showed that ADHD/CP-CU children had worse behavior in the behavior-therapy-only (BT-only) condition, especially on measures of CP, noncompliance, and rule violations, but these differences largely disappeared when medication was added to BT. Children with ADHD/CP-CU were also less likely to be normalized by treatment than were children with ADHD/CP-only. These findings, though tentative, suggest that children with ADHD/CP-CU may not show a sufficient positive response to BT alone and that the combination of medication and BT may be especially important for them.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology