Effects of nanosilica on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion

Aniruddh Vashisth, Charles E. Bakis, Charles R. Ruggeri, Todd C. Henry, Gary D. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fiber reinforced polymer composites can save weight in rotorcraft structures, but have not been widely used in driveshafts due in part to their limited impact tolerance. The objective of the current investigation is to evaluate the effects of incorporating variable amounts of nanosilica (NS) particles in the matrix on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. Tubes manufactured with these matrix materials were ballistically impacted using a round steel projectile aimed at normal incidence across the major diameter. After impact, the tubes were nondestructively inspected and subjected to mechanical tests to determine the axial and shear stiffness and the residual shear strength in torsion. In the best material formulations, which were 15 and 25 weight percent NS in epoxy, the use of NS decreased the impact damage area by 50%, increased the residual shear strength by 38%, and increased the energy absorbed per unit damage area by 120% versus the control material with no NS. Overall, the addition of NS significantly improved the impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion, with little change in the mass density, glass transition temperature, and elastic modulus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2436-2444
Number of pages9
JournalAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event73rd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum and Technology Display 2017 - Fort Worth, United States
Duration: May 9 2017May 11 2017

Fingerprint

Ballistics
Torsional stress
Shear strength
Carbon
Projectiles
Elastic moduli
Stiffness
Steel
Fibers
Composite materials
Polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Vashisth, Aniruddh ; Bakis, Charles E. ; Ruggeri, Charles R. ; Henry, Todd C. ; Roberts, Gary D. / Effects of nanosilica on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. In: Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International. 2017 ; pp. 2436-2444.
@article{dd74c77837f54ac99fec1a90bcdc0d00,
title = "Effects of nanosilica on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion",
abstract = "Fiber reinforced polymer composites can save weight in rotorcraft structures, but have not been widely used in driveshafts due in part to their limited impact tolerance. The objective of the current investigation is to evaluate the effects of incorporating variable amounts of nanosilica (NS) particles in the matrix on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. Tubes manufactured with these matrix materials were ballistically impacted using a round steel projectile aimed at normal incidence across the major diameter. After impact, the tubes were nondestructively inspected and subjected to mechanical tests to determine the axial and shear stiffness and the residual shear strength in torsion. In the best material formulations, which were 15 and 25 weight percent NS in epoxy, the use of NS decreased the impact damage area by 50{\%}, increased the residual shear strength by 38{\%}, and increased the energy absorbed per unit damage area by 120{\%} versus the control material with no NS. Overall, the addition of NS significantly improved the impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion, with little change in the mass density, glass transition temperature, and elastic modulus.",
author = "Aniruddh Vashisth and Bakis, {Charles E.} and Ruggeri, {Charles R.} and Henry, {Todd C.} and Roberts, {Gary D.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "2436--2444",
journal = "Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International",
issn = "1552-2938",
publisher = "American Helicopter Society",

}

Effects of nanosilica on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. / Vashisth, Aniruddh; Bakis, Charles E.; Ruggeri, Charles R.; Henry, Todd C.; Roberts, Gary D.

In: Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 01.01.2017, p. 2436-2444.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of nanosilica on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion

AU - Vashisth, Aniruddh

AU - Bakis, Charles E.

AU - Ruggeri, Charles R.

AU - Henry, Todd C.

AU - Roberts, Gary D.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Fiber reinforced polymer composites can save weight in rotorcraft structures, but have not been widely used in driveshafts due in part to their limited impact tolerance. The objective of the current investigation is to evaluate the effects of incorporating variable amounts of nanosilica (NS) particles in the matrix on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. Tubes manufactured with these matrix materials were ballistically impacted using a round steel projectile aimed at normal incidence across the major diameter. After impact, the tubes were nondestructively inspected and subjected to mechanical tests to determine the axial and shear stiffness and the residual shear strength in torsion. In the best material formulations, which were 15 and 25 weight percent NS in epoxy, the use of NS decreased the impact damage area by 50%, increased the residual shear strength by 38%, and increased the energy absorbed per unit damage area by 120% versus the control material with no NS. Overall, the addition of NS significantly improved the impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion, with little change in the mass density, glass transition temperature, and elastic modulus.

AB - Fiber reinforced polymer composites can save weight in rotorcraft structures, but have not been widely used in driveshafts due in part to their limited impact tolerance. The objective of the current investigation is to evaluate the effects of incorporating variable amounts of nanosilica (NS) particles in the matrix on the ballistic impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion. Tubes manufactured with these matrix materials were ballistically impacted using a round steel projectile aimed at normal incidence across the major diameter. After impact, the tubes were nondestructively inspected and subjected to mechanical tests to determine the axial and shear stiffness and the residual shear strength in torsion. In the best material formulations, which were 15 and 25 weight percent NS in epoxy, the use of NS decreased the impact damage area by 50%, increased the residual shear strength by 38%, and increased the energy absorbed per unit damage area by 120% versus the control material with no NS. Overall, the addition of NS significantly improved the impact tolerance of carbon/epoxy tubes loaded in torsion, with little change in the mass density, glass transition temperature, and elastic modulus.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029625437&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85029625437&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85029625437

SP - 2436

EP - 2444

JO - Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International

JF - Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International

SN - 1552-2938

ER -