Effects of nitrogen on the interface density of states distribution in 4H-SiC metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors

Super-hyperfine interactions and near interface silicon vacancy energy levels

Mark A. Anders, Patrick M. Lenahan, Arthur H. Edwards, Peter A. Schultz, Renee M. Van Ginhoven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The performance of silicon carbide (SiC)-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) is greatly enhanced by a post-oxidation anneal in NO. These anneals greatly improve effective channel mobilities and substantially decrease interface trap densities. In this work, we investigate the effect of NO anneals on the interface density of states through density functional theory (DFT) calculations and electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) measurements. EDMR measurements on 4H-silicon carbide (4H-SiC) MOSFETs indicate that NO annealing substantially reduces the density of near interface SiC silicon vacancy centers: it results in a 30-fold reduction in the EDMR amplitude. The anneal also alters post-NO anneal resonance line shapes significantly. EDMR measurements exclusively sensitive to interface traps with near midgap energy levels have line shapes relatively unaffected by NO anneals, whereas the measurements sensitive to defects with energy levels more broadly distributed in the 4H-SiC bandgap are significantly altered by the anneals. Using DFT, we show that the observed change in EDMR linewidth and the correlation with energy levels can be explained by nitrogen atoms introduced by the NO annealing substituting into nearby carbon sites of silicon vacancy defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number184501
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume124
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2018

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metal oxide semiconductors
silicon carbides
magnetic resonance
field effect transistors
energy levels
nitrogen
silicon
interactions
line shape
traps
density functional theory
annealing
defects
resonance lines
nitrogen atoms
oxidation
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effects of nitrogen on the interface density of states distribution in 4H-SiC metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors: Super-hyperfine interactions and near interface silicon vacancy energy levels",
abstract = "The performance of silicon carbide (SiC)-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) is greatly enhanced by a post-oxidation anneal in NO. These anneals greatly improve effective channel mobilities and substantially decrease interface trap densities. In this work, we investigate the effect of NO anneals on the interface density of states through density functional theory (DFT) calculations and electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) measurements. EDMR measurements on 4H-silicon carbide (4H-SiC) MOSFETs indicate that NO annealing substantially reduces the density of near interface SiC silicon vacancy centers: it results in a 30-fold reduction in the EDMR amplitude. The anneal also alters post-NO anneal resonance line shapes significantly. EDMR measurements exclusively sensitive to interface traps with near midgap energy levels have line shapes relatively unaffected by NO anneals, whereas the measurements sensitive to defects with energy levels more broadly distributed in the 4H-SiC bandgap are significantly altered by the anneals. Using DFT, we show that the observed change in EDMR linewidth and the correlation with energy levels can be explained by nitrogen atoms introduced by the NO annealing substituting into nearby carbon sites of silicon vacancy defects.",
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Effects of nitrogen on the interface density of states distribution in 4H-SiC metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors : Super-hyperfine interactions and near interface silicon vacancy energy levels. / Anders, Mark A.; Lenahan, Patrick M.; Edwards, Arthur H.; Schultz, Peter A.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 124, No. 18, 184501, 14.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Anders, Mark A.

AU - Lenahan, Patrick M.

AU - Edwards, Arthur H.

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AU - Van Ginhoven, Renee M.

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N2 - The performance of silicon carbide (SiC)-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) is greatly enhanced by a post-oxidation anneal in NO. These anneals greatly improve effective channel mobilities and substantially decrease interface trap densities. In this work, we investigate the effect of NO anneals on the interface density of states through density functional theory (DFT) calculations and electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) measurements. EDMR measurements on 4H-silicon carbide (4H-SiC) MOSFETs indicate that NO annealing substantially reduces the density of near interface SiC silicon vacancy centers: it results in a 30-fold reduction in the EDMR amplitude. The anneal also alters post-NO anneal resonance line shapes significantly. EDMR measurements exclusively sensitive to interface traps with near midgap energy levels have line shapes relatively unaffected by NO anneals, whereas the measurements sensitive to defects with energy levels more broadly distributed in the 4H-SiC bandgap are significantly altered by the anneals. Using DFT, we show that the observed change in EDMR linewidth and the correlation with energy levels can be explained by nitrogen atoms introduced by the NO annealing substituting into nearby carbon sites of silicon vacancy defects.

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