Effects of olestra, a noncaloric fat substitute, on daily energy and fat intakes in lean men

Barbara Jean Rolls, P. A. Pirraglia, M. B. Jones, J. C. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrient and energy intakes, hunger, and fullness were examined after the replacement of 36, 20, or 0 g fat in breakfast with olestra, a noncaloric fat substitute. Twenty-four lean, nondieting men (aged 21-30 y) participated in a placebo-controlled, three-condition crossover design. Self-selected, ad libitum intakes at lunch and dinner were monitored in the laboratory. Evening snacks and breakfast the next day were assessed through food diaries. Visual- analog-scale ratings including hunger and fullness were collected throughout the test days. Single-meal olestra substitution produced a significant dose- related reduction in the amount and percentage of energy from fat consumed daily with a reciprocal increase in carbohydrate intake. Daily energy intakes were not significantly different nor did ratings of hunger and fullness vary systematically between conditions. Consumption of olestra can reduce fat intake and increase carbohydrate intake without affecting total daily energy intake or usual patterns of hunger and fullness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Fat Substitutes
Hunger
Energy Intake
Fats
Breakfast
Meals
Carbohydrates
Diet Records
Lunch
Snacks
Visual Analog Scale
Cross-Over Studies
Placebos
Food
sucrose polyester

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

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Effects of olestra, a noncaloric fat substitute, on daily energy and fat intakes in lean men. / Rolls, Barbara Jean; Pirraglia, P. A.; Jones, M. B.; Peters, J. C.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.01.1992, p. 84-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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