Effects of ortho-methyl substituents on the mutagenicity of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes

Karam El-Bayoumy, Edmond J. LaVoie, Lorraine Tulley-Freiler, Stephen S. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A series of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes were assayed for mutagenicity toward S. typhimurium, in the presence of rat liver 9000 g supernatant, to investigate the effects of positional isomerism and ortho-methyl substitution. Among the 3 possible aminobiphenyl isomers, only 4-aminobiphenyl was a potent mutagen, showing activity in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA100, but not TA1535. 4-Amino-3-methylbiphenyl was a more potent mutagen in S. typhimurium TA1538 than was 4-aminobiphenyl, whereas both 3-amino-4-methylbiphenyl and 3-aminobiphenyl were inactive in this strain. 3-Amino-4-methylbiphenyl was mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA100, in contrast to 3-aminobiphenyl. These results demonstrate the enhancing effect of an ortho-methyl group on mutagenicity in the aminobiphenyls, which contrasts to the inhibitory effect of methyl substitution frequently observed in the 4-nitrobiphenyl system. Among the 2-aminonaphthalenes, 2-amino-3-methylnaphthalene was the most mutagenic compound in S. typhimurium TA1538, followed by 2-amino-1-methylnaphthalene and 2-aminonaphthalene. In S. typhimurium TA1535, however, 2-aminonaphthalene was a more potent mutagen than either of the ortho-methyl substituted derivatives. No significant mutagenic activity was observed for either 1-aminonaphthalene or 1-amino-2-methylnaphthalene in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA1535. However, 1-aminonaphthalene was weakly mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA 100.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-354
Number of pages10
JournalMutation Research/Genetic Toxicology
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

Fingerprint

2-Naphthylamine
Mutagens
1-Naphthylamine
Substitution reactions
Isomerism
Isomers
Liver
Rats
Derivatives
3-aminobiphenyl
4-biphenylamine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Genetics

Cite this

El-Bayoumy, Karam ; LaVoie, Edmond J. ; Tulley-Freiler, Lorraine ; Hecht, Stephen S. / Effects of ortho-methyl substituents on the mutagenicity of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes. In: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology. 1981 ; Vol. 90, No. 4. pp. 345-354.
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abstract = "A series of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes were assayed for mutagenicity toward S. typhimurium, in the presence of rat liver 9000 g supernatant, to investigate the effects of positional isomerism and ortho-methyl substitution. Among the 3 possible aminobiphenyl isomers, only 4-aminobiphenyl was a potent mutagen, showing activity in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA100, but not TA1535. 4-Amino-3-methylbiphenyl was a more potent mutagen in S. typhimurium TA1538 than was 4-aminobiphenyl, whereas both 3-amino-4-methylbiphenyl and 3-aminobiphenyl were inactive in this strain. 3-Amino-4-methylbiphenyl was mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA100, in contrast to 3-aminobiphenyl. These results demonstrate the enhancing effect of an ortho-methyl group on mutagenicity in the aminobiphenyls, which contrasts to the inhibitory effect of methyl substitution frequently observed in the 4-nitrobiphenyl system. Among the 2-aminonaphthalenes, 2-amino-3-methylnaphthalene was the most mutagenic compound in S. typhimurium TA1538, followed by 2-amino-1-methylnaphthalene and 2-aminonaphthalene. In S. typhimurium TA1535, however, 2-aminonaphthalene was a more potent mutagen than either of the ortho-methyl substituted derivatives. No significant mutagenic activity was observed for either 1-aminonaphthalene or 1-amino-2-methylnaphthalene in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA1535. However, 1-aminonaphthalene was weakly mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA 100.",
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Effects of ortho-methyl substituents on the mutagenicity of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes. / El-Bayoumy, Karam; LaVoie, Edmond J.; Tulley-Freiler, Lorraine; Hecht, Stephen S.

In: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology, Vol. 90, No. 4, 01.01.1981, p. 345-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Effects of ortho-methyl substituents on the mutagenicity of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes

AU - El-Bayoumy, Karam

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AU - Tulley-Freiler, Lorraine

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N2 - A series of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes were assayed for mutagenicity toward S. typhimurium, in the presence of rat liver 9000 g supernatant, to investigate the effects of positional isomerism and ortho-methyl substitution. Among the 3 possible aminobiphenyl isomers, only 4-aminobiphenyl was a potent mutagen, showing activity in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA100, but not TA1535. 4-Amino-3-methylbiphenyl was a more potent mutagen in S. typhimurium TA1538 than was 4-aminobiphenyl, whereas both 3-amino-4-methylbiphenyl and 3-aminobiphenyl were inactive in this strain. 3-Amino-4-methylbiphenyl was mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA100, in contrast to 3-aminobiphenyl. These results demonstrate the enhancing effect of an ortho-methyl group on mutagenicity in the aminobiphenyls, which contrasts to the inhibitory effect of methyl substitution frequently observed in the 4-nitrobiphenyl system. Among the 2-aminonaphthalenes, 2-amino-3-methylnaphthalene was the most mutagenic compound in S. typhimurium TA1538, followed by 2-amino-1-methylnaphthalene and 2-aminonaphthalene. In S. typhimurium TA1535, however, 2-aminonaphthalene was a more potent mutagen than either of the ortho-methyl substituted derivatives. No significant mutagenic activity was observed for either 1-aminonaphthalene or 1-amino-2-methylnaphthalene in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA1535. However, 1-aminonaphthalene was weakly mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA 100.

AB - A series of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes were assayed for mutagenicity toward S. typhimurium, in the presence of rat liver 9000 g supernatant, to investigate the effects of positional isomerism and ortho-methyl substitution. Among the 3 possible aminobiphenyl isomers, only 4-aminobiphenyl was a potent mutagen, showing activity in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA100, but not TA1535. 4-Amino-3-methylbiphenyl was a more potent mutagen in S. typhimurium TA1538 than was 4-aminobiphenyl, whereas both 3-amino-4-methylbiphenyl and 3-aminobiphenyl were inactive in this strain. 3-Amino-4-methylbiphenyl was mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA100, in contrast to 3-aminobiphenyl. These results demonstrate the enhancing effect of an ortho-methyl group on mutagenicity in the aminobiphenyls, which contrasts to the inhibitory effect of methyl substitution frequently observed in the 4-nitrobiphenyl system. Among the 2-aminonaphthalenes, 2-amino-3-methylnaphthalene was the most mutagenic compound in S. typhimurium TA1538, followed by 2-amino-1-methylnaphthalene and 2-aminonaphthalene. In S. typhimurium TA1535, however, 2-aminonaphthalene was a more potent mutagen than either of the ortho-methyl substituted derivatives. No significant mutagenic activity was observed for either 1-aminonaphthalene or 1-amino-2-methylnaphthalene in S. typhimurium TA1538 and TA1535. However, 1-aminonaphthalene was weakly mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA 100.

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