This study examined the effects of progesterone and intrauterine injection of ovine conceptus secretory proteins (oCSP) on endometrial responsiveness to oxytocin. Twelve ewes were ovariectomized on day 4 of the cycle (oestrus = day 0) and assigned in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement, to receive either 1.5 mg ovine serum proteins (SP) or oCSP containing 25 μg ovine trophoblast protein 1 (oTP-1) (by radioimmunoassay) in 1.5 mg total protein into each uterine horn, via catheters, twice a day on days 11, 12, 13 and 14. Ewes received 200 mg progesterone per day (i.m.) from day 4 to day 10 or 15. Oxytocin-induced prostaglandin F(2α) was measured as 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F(2α) (PGFM) on days 11, 12, 13 and 14 in plasma from three integrated, 10 min (10 ml) blood samples (0-10, 10-20, 20-30 min) obtained after intravenous injection of 20 iu oxytocin, and in a pre-oxytocin (-10 to 0 min) sample collected via an indwelling jugular catheter. The pre-oxytocin samples were also assayed for progesterone. Oxytocin-induced turnover of inositol phosphate was determined in endometrium on day 15 after hysterectomy. In ewes receiving progesterone to day 10, plasma progesterone decreased from about 12 to 2 ng ml-1 (SEM ± 2.6) during the treatment period (days 11- 14), but remained high (12-20 ± 2.6 ng ml-1) in ewes that received progesterone to day 15. Intrauterine injection of oCSP resulted in high basal concentrations of PGFM on days 12 and 13 compared with SP-treated ewes (P < 0.01). Treatments with progesterone did not affect basal PGFM concentrations. Treatment with oCSP abolished oxytocin-induced endometrial secretion of prostaglandin only if progesterone was maintained to day 15 (P < 0.01); in ewes receiving such treatment, oCSP inhibited (P < 0.01), but SP did not inhibit, oxytocin-induced endometrial turnover of inositol phosphate (P < 0.06), which was greater in ewes treated with progesterone to day 10 than in those treated to day 15 (P < 0.05). Ewes that responded to oxytocin with increased PGFM exhibited increased oxytocin-stimulated turnover of inositol phosphate on day 15. These results indicate that the antiluteolytic action oTP-1 exerts on the endometrium requires progesterone and that this mechanism involves inhibition of oxytocin-stimulated turnover of inositol phosphate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Developmental Biology