Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction

Andrew Grant, Amir Ahmadipur, Tong Qiu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Understanding the behavior and quantifying the impact force of a granular sliding mass are crucial to landslide hazard assessment and designing protective structures against landslide debris. The study of a granular sliding mass provides useful insight into the characteristics of sudden onset, rapid granular flow. There are several factors, such as inclination angle, basal friction between the granular flow and the flow bed, particle size and shape, and distance to a rigid obstruction, which influence the impact force and behavior of granular flow. In order to systematically investigate the effects of these factors on the impact force from granular flow, a two-dimensional sand flume was designed and constructed. This sand flume included a load measurement device consisting of six dynamic load cells, which served as the rigid obstruction. In this study, the effects of particle characteristics on the impact force were studied by using two different granular materials with mean particle sizes of 0.25 and 1.98 mm. Impact forces and flow front velocities were measured and compared. The results indicate that the different basal friction angles for the two materials result in different flow velocities and final static forces. Moreover, the different flow velocities, densities, depths, and stiffness result in different dynamic force components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsChristopher L. Meehan, Sanjeev Kumar, Joseph T. Coe, Miguel A. Pando
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages205-212
Number of pages8
EditionGSP 305
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482070, 9780784482087, 9780784482094, 9780784482100, 9780784482117, 9780784482124, 9780784482131, 9780784482148, 9780784482155, 9780784482162
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Embankments, Dams, and Slopes, Geo-Congress 2019 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: Mar 24 2019Mar 27 2019

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
NumberGSP 305
Volume2019-March
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Embankments, Dams, and Slopes, Geo-Congress 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period3/24/193/27/19

Fingerprint

Landslides
Flow velocity
sliding
Sand
Particle size
Friction
Granular materials
Dynamic loads
Debris
Loads (forces)
Hazards
Stiffness
flow velocity
landslide
friction
particle size
sand
hazard assessment
particle
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Grant, A., Ahmadipur, A., & Qiu, T. (2019). Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction. In C. L. Meehan, S. Kumar, J. T. Coe, & M. A. Pando (Eds.), Geotechnical Special Publication (GSP 305 ed., pp. 205-212). (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 305). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482070.020
Grant, Andrew ; Ahmadipur, Amir ; Qiu, Tong. / Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction. Geotechnical Special Publication. editor / Christopher L. Meehan ; Sanjeev Kumar ; Joseph T. Coe ; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 305. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. pp. 205-212 (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 305).
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Grant, A, Ahmadipur, A & Qiu, T 2019, Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction. in CL Meehan, S Kumar, JT Coe & MA Pando (eds), Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 305 edn, Geotechnical Special Publication, no. GSP 305, vol. 2019-March, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 205-212, 8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Embankments, Dams, and Slopes, Geo-Congress 2019, Philadelphia, United States, 3/24/19. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482070.020

Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction. / Grant, Andrew; Ahmadipur, Amir; Qiu, Tong.

Geotechnical Special Publication. ed. / Christopher L. Meehan; Sanjeev Kumar; Joseph T. Coe; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 305. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. p. 205-212 (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 305).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Understanding the behavior and quantifying the impact force of a granular sliding mass are crucial to landslide hazard assessment and designing protective structures against landslide debris. The study of a granular sliding mass provides useful insight into the characteristics of sudden onset, rapid granular flow. There are several factors, such as inclination angle, basal friction between the granular flow and the flow bed, particle size and shape, and distance to a rigid obstruction, which influence the impact force and behavior of granular flow. In order to systematically investigate the effects of these factors on the impact force from granular flow, a two-dimensional sand flume was designed and constructed. This sand flume included a load measurement device consisting of six dynamic load cells, which served as the rigid obstruction. In this study, the effects of particle characteristics on the impact force were studied by using two different granular materials with mean particle sizes of 0.25 and 1.98 mm. Impact forces and flow front velocities were measured and compared. The results indicate that the different basal friction angles for the two materials result in different flow velocities and final static forces. Moreover, the different flow velocities, densities, depths, and stiffness result in different dynamic force components.

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Grant A, Ahmadipur A, Qiu T. Effects of Particle Characteristics on Impact Force from a Granular Sliding Mass on a Rigid Obstruction. In Meehan CL, Kumar S, Coe JT, Pando MA, editors, Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 305 ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2019. p. 205-212. (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 305). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482070.020