Effects of perceived causality on perceptions of persons who stutter

Michael P. Boyle, Gordon W. Blood, Ingrid Maria Blood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of the perceived cause of stuttering on perceptions of persons who stutter (PWS) using a 7-item social distance scale, a 25-item adjective pair scale and a 2-item visual analogue scale. Two hundred and four university students rated vignettes which varied on describing a PWS with different causalities for stuttering (psychological, genetic, or unknown). Ratings differed significantly according to assigned causality. The vignette with the stuttering due to psychological causes was rated more negatively on 14 adjective pairs and the Social Distance Scale Index when compared to the ratings of vignettes with stuttering caused by either genetic or unknown causes. Interestingly, there were no significant differences between ratings of the vignettes attributing stuttering to either genetic or unknown causes. Neither familiarity with PWS nor the perceived curability of stuttering had any significant association to the ratings. Implications of findings regarding negative stereotypes, stigmatization and perceived causality for PWS are discussed. Educational objectives: Readers will be able to describe and explain: (1) research regarding negative stereotypes and stigma associated with stuttering, (2) research about attribution theory and stigma, (3) two methods used to evaluate stereotypes and stigma in adults, and (4) the negative effects on ratings of PWS due to psychological causality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-218
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Fluency Disorders
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Fingerprint

Stuttering
causality
Causality
rating
human being
stereotype
social distance
cause
Social Distance
Psychology
attribution theory
stigmatization
Stereotyping
Person
Stutter
Visual Analog Scale
Research
university
Rating
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

Boyle, Michael P. ; Blood, Gordon W. ; Blood, Ingrid Maria. / Effects of perceived causality on perceptions of persons who stutter. In: Journal of Fluency Disorders. 2009 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 201-218.
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Effects of perceived causality on perceptions of persons who stutter. / Boyle, Michael P.; Blood, Gordon W.; Blood, Ingrid Maria.

In: Journal of Fluency Disorders, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.09.2009, p. 201-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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