This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of phytonutrients, compared with monensin as a positive control, on productivity, milk fatty acids, fat mobilization, and blood cells in lactating dairy cows. Thirty-six Holstein cows were used in a 9-wk randomized complete block design study. Following a 2-wk covariate period, cows were blocked by days in milk, parity, and milk yield and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments (12 cows/treatment): 450 mg/cow per day of monensin (MO), 250 mg/cow per day of capsicum plus 450 mg/cow per day of MO (MOCAP), and 1,000 mg/cow per day of a mixture of cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, and capsicum (CEC). Dry matter intake and milk yield were not affected by treatment. Supplementation of CEC increased feed efficiency compared with MO, but did not affect feed efficiency on an energy-corrected milk basis. Milk composition (fat, protein, and lactose), milk fatty acid profile, and blood concentrations of nonesterified fatty acids and β-hydroxybutyrate were also not affected by treatment. The expression of hormone-sensitive lipase in adipose tissues tended to increase for MOCAP compared with MO. Counts of total white blood cell, neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, and basophils were not affected by treatment, although monocytes count tended to be decreased by CEC. Treatments had no effect on red blood cells, hemoglobin, and platelets. Results indicate that dietary supplementation of CEC and capsicum had no production or other effects in dairy cows, compared with MO, except CEC increased feed efficiency and tended to decrease blood monocytes count.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology