The acute and chronic effects of porcine growth hormone (pGH) administration on glucose homeostasis of pigs were investigated in the present study. Twelve Yorkshire barrows (average BW = 65 kg) fitted with femoral artery catheters were allotted to three groups. Pigs received acute, intra-arterial injections of either pituitary pGH, a recombinantly derived pGH analog (ppGH or rpGH, 100 micrograms/kg BW) or saline. Acute injection of pGH did not affect fasting plasma glucose or insulin status. Pigs then were treated daily by i.m. injection for 24 d with 70 micrograms ppGH/kg BW. Serum glucose and insulin concentrations during the fed and fasted states were higher in pGH-treated than in control pigs. On d 25, an acute intra-arterial injection of ppGH (100 micrograms/kg BW) elicited increases in plasma glucose and insulin in pigs chronically treated with pGH. The area circumscribed by the glucose and insulin response curves 5 min to 7 h postinjection was 40% (P less than .005) and 177% (P less than .001), respectively, higher in ppGH-treated than in control pigs. These data indicate that pGH does increase plasma glucose and insulin in the fed and fasted states; however, this response is only observed after chronic pGH administration. In addition, pGH is capable of increasing plasma glucose and insulin acutely in the pig. This effect, however, only is observed in pigs treated chronically with pGH. The mechanisms by which pGH elicit these effects on glucose homeostasis are not known.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology