Effects of protein concentration and protein source on performance of newly arrived feedlot steers.

F. L. Fluharty, S. C. Loerch

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Trial 1, 240 crossbred steers (initial BW 243 +/- 8 kg) were used in a 2 x 4 factorial experiment to determine the effects of receiving diet CP concentration (12, 14, 16, or 18%) and source (spray-dried blood meal [SDBM] vs soybean meal [SBM]) on steer performance. There were linear (P < .01) increases in ADG and feed efficiency during wk 1. For the entire trial, there was an increase (P < .01) in feed efficiency with increasing CP concentration and diets containing SDBM compared with those containing SBM. In Trial 2, 240 crossbred steers (initial BW 246 +/- 14 kg) were used in a completely randomized design experiment to determine the effects of receiving diet CP concentration (11, 14, 17, 20, 23, or 26%) on steer performance. Average daily gain and feed efficiency increased (P < .01) with increasing CP concentration during wk 1. There were quadratic (P < .01) responses to CP concentration for final weight, ADG, and feed efficiency. In Trial 3, 216 steers (initial BW 238 +/- 1 kg) were used to determine the effects of receiving diet protein sources on steer performance. The control diet used SBM as the supplemental CP source and was formulated to contain 12.5% CP. The other five protein sources were corn gluten meal (CGM), ring-dried blood meal (RDBM), SDBM, fish meal (FM), and SBM. For these five CP sources, diets were formulated to contain 23% CP during wk 1, 17% CP during wk 2, and 12.5% CP during wk 3 and wk 4. During wk 1, control steers had the lowest ADG (P < .07) and feed efficiency (P < .01) whereas steers fed RDBM and SDBM had the highest (P < .01) feed efficiency. Increased CP concentrations are needed early in the receiving period, when DMI is low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1585-1594
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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