Effects of purge jet momentum on sealing effectiveness

Kenneth Clark, Michael David Barringer, Karen Ann Thole, Carey Clum, Paul Hiester, Curtis Memory, Christopher Robak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Driven by the need for higher cycle efficiencies, overall pressure ratios for gas turbine engines continue to be pushed higher thereby resulting in increasing gas temperatures. Secondary air, bled from the compressor, is used to cool turbine components and seal the cavities between stages from the hot main gas path. This paper compares a range of purge flows and two different purge hole configurations for introducing the purge flow into the rim cavities. In addition, the mate face gap leakage between vanes is investigated. For this particular study, stationary vanes at engine relevant Mach and Reynolds numbers were used with a static rim seal and rim cavity to remove rotational effects and isolate gas path effects. Sealing effectiveness measurements, deduced from the use of CO2 as a flow tracer, indicate that the effectiveness levels on the stator and rotor side of the cavity depend on the mass and momentum flux ratios of the purge jets relative to the swirl velocity. For a given purge flow rate, fewer purge holes resulted in better sealing than the case with a larger number of holes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeat Transfer
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791849781
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 13 2016Jun 17 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume5A-2016

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/13/166/17/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Clark, K., Barringer, M. D., Thole, K. A., Clum, C., Hiester, P., Memory, C., & Robak, C. (2016). Effects of purge jet momentum on sealing effectiveness. In Heat Transfer (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 5A-2016). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-58099