Effects of recreation trampling on natural area vegetation.

F. R. Kuss, Alan R. Graefe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The injurious effects of recreational use on vegetation of natural areas is influenced by not only plant responses to the direct mechanical effects of trampling, but also by stress factors internal to the ecosystem as well as changes in the physical, chemical and biological nature of the soil medium. These effects are reviewed by tracing the dimensions of impact through selected stages in the life cycle of vascular plants beginning with seed germination and seedling establishment, growth functions after establishment, vigor and biomass production, flowering, seed production, and finally recolonization of impacted area. Major factors affecting plant responses to trampling such as life and growth form relationships to resistance, influence of habitat variables, community interactions, and the stage of ecosystem development are also discussed. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-183
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Volume17
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

Fingerprint

trampling
recreation
vegetation
ecosystem
seedling establishment
growth form
recolonization
vigor
seed production
vascular plant
life cycle
flowering
habitat
germination
seed
biomass
interaction
community
effect
natural area

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

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Effects of recreation trampling on natural area vegetation. / Kuss, F. R.; Graefe, Alan R.

In: Journal of Leisure Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 01.01.1985, p. 165-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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