Effects of SiO2/Al2O3, MgO modification and hydrothermal treatment on the catalytic activity of HZSM-5 zeolites in the methylation of 4-methylbiphenyl with methanol

Xinwen Guo, Jianping Shen, Lu Sun, Chunshan Song, Xiangsheng Wang

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The objective of this work is to study the effects of SiO 2/Al2O3 of HZSM-5, MgO modification and hydrothermal treatment on methylation of 4-methylbiphenyl (4-MBP) with methanol under fixed-bed down-flow conditions. The results show that, with an increase in the SiO2/Al2O3 of HZSM-5 (from 50 to 150, molar ratio), the selectivity to 4,4′-dimethylbiphenyl (4,4′-DMBP) increases from 25 to 79%. MgO modification also increases the selectivity to 4,4′-DMBP, but leads as well to low catalyst activity and rapid deactivation. Hydrothermal treatment not only increases the selectivity, but also improves the stability. When CBV1502 (SiO2/Al2O 3=150) catalyst was hydrothermally treated at 500°C, the selectivity to 4,4′-DMBP increased to 85%. The selectivity to 4,4′-DMBP was further improved to about 90% by the increasing in the amount of mesitylene in the feed as solvent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 30 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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