Effects of soil type, source of silicon, and rate of silicon source on development of gray leaf spot of perennial ryegrass turf

U. N. Nanayakkara, Wakar Uddin, L. E. Datnoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon amendments have been proven effective in controlling fungal diseases of various crops. However, effects of silicon amendments on gray leaf spot (Magnaporthe oryzae) of perennial ryegrass are not known. Studies were conducted in controlled-environment chambers and microplots where perennial ryegrass pots were buried among perennial ryegrass turf to determine the effects of silicon amendments on gray leaf spot development. Plants were grown in two soil types: peat:sand mix (soil Si = 5.2 mg/liter) and Hagerstown silt loam (soil Si = 70 mg/liter). Both soil types were amended with two sources of silicon - wollastonite and calcium silicate slag - at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, and 10 metric tons/ha and 0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.4, 6, and 12 metric tons/ha, respectively. Nine-week-old perennial ryegrass was inoculated with M. oryzae. Gray leaf spot incidence and severity were assessed 2 weeks after inoculation. Gray leaf spot incidence and severity of perennial ryegrass significantly decreased by different rates of wollastonite and calcium silicate slag applied to both soils under both experimental conditions. Tissue silicon content increased consistently with increasing amount of silicon in the soils, while disease incidence decreased consistently with increasing tissue silicon content in all four soil and source combinations under both experimental conditions. These findings suggest that silicon amendments may be utilized in integrated gray leaf spot management programs on perennial ryegrass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-877
Number of pages8
JournalPlant disease
Volume92
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

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leaf spot
lawns and turf
silicon
Lolium perenne
soil types
calcium silicate
slags
Magnaporthe oryzae
soil
incidence
silt loam soils
disease incidence
peat
sand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Effects of soil type, source of silicon, and rate of silicon source on development of gray leaf spot of perennial ryegrass turf",
abstract = "Silicon amendments have been proven effective in controlling fungal diseases of various crops. However, effects of silicon amendments on gray leaf spot (Magnaporthe oryzae) of perennial ryegrass are not known. Studies were conducted in controlled-environment chambers and microplots where perennial ryegrass pots were buried among perennial ryegrass turf to determine the effects of silicon amendments on gray leaf spot development. Plants were grown in two soil types: peat:sand mix (soil Si = 5.2 mg/liter) and Hagerstown silt loam (soil Si = 70 mg/liter). Both soil types were amended with two sources of silicon - wollastonite and calcium silicate slag - at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, and 10 metric tons/ha and 0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.4, 6, and 12 metric tons/ha, respectively. Nine-week-old perennial ryegrass was inoculated with M. oryzae. Gray leaf spot incidence and severity were assessed 2 weeks after inoculation. Gray leaf spot incidence and severity of perennial ryegrass significantly decreased by different rates of wollastonite and calcium silicate slag applied to both soils under both experimental conditions. Tissue silicon content increased consistently with increasing amount of silicon in the soils, while disease incidence decreased consistently with increasing tissue silicon content in all four soil and source combinations under both experimental conditions. These findings suggest that silicon amendments may be utilized in integrated gray leaf spot management programs on perennial ryegrass.",
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Effects of soil type, source of silicon, and rate of silicon source on development of gray leaf spot of perennial ryegrass turf. / Nanayakkara, U. N.; Uddin, Wakar; Datnoff, L. E.

In: Plant disease, Vol. 92, No. 6, 01.06.2008, p. 870-877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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