Effects of superconductor electron screening on fusion reaction rates

Kamron Fazel, Qi Li, Kostadin Ivanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research explores fusion cross section enhancements from electron screening within superconductors, and the feasibility of engineering a system to extract the energy from a superconductor fusion system. There have been claims that superconductors will exhibit "superscreening" which could significantly increase fusion cross sections. However, there is currently no widely accepted theory to explain superconductor electron screening. This research evaluated if a net energy gain could result from fusion events within superconducting PdD. With the widely accepted critical temperature of U K for PdD, no net energy gain would be expected from fusion reactions. However, net energy gain may be possible if a superconductor were developed with a transition temperature above 75 K With the uncertainty of superconductor electron screening and the possibility of fusion energy extraction, an experiment was designed to close the knowledge gap. By bombarding deuterons onto PdD below the superconducting transition temperature, the superconductor screening contribution can be determined with a 38% average uncertainty of the screening energy with 95% confidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-474
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Volume61
Issue number1 T
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Superconducting materials
Reaction rates
Screening
reaction kinetics
Fusion reactions
screening
fusion
Electrons
electrons
Superconducting transition temperature
energy
transition temperature
Deuterium
cross sections
deuterons
confidence
critical temperature
engineering
augmentation
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Fazel, Kamron ; Li, Qi ; Ivanov, Kostadin. / Effects of superconductor electron screening on fusion reaction rates. In: Fusion Science and Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 61, No. 1 T. pp. 469-474.
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Effects of superconductor electron screening on fusion reaction rates. / Fazel, Kamron; Li, Qi; Ivanov, Kostadin.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 61, No. 1 T, 01.01.2012, p. 469-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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