Effects of supplemental protein source and alkaline hydrogen peroxide treatment of wheat straw on site of nutrient digestion and flow of nitrogenous compounds to the duodenum of steers.

J. I. Sultan, F. L. Fluharty, J. L. Firkins, Steven Loerch

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of soybean meal (SBM) or spray-dried blood meal (BM) supplementation of diets based on untreated (UNT-WS) or alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw (AHP-WS). A 4 x 4 Latin square design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments was used. Variables included nutrient digestion and flow to the duodenum. Four Simmental steers (average weight 477 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were fed 65% UNT-WS or AHP-WS based diets in 12 equal portions daily. Diets were formulated to contain 10% CP. Chromic oxide was used as the digesta flow marker and purines were used as the microbial marker. There were no straw type x protein source interactions. Total tract and ruminal OM digestibility were approximately 25% greater (P < .04) when AHP-WS was fed than when UNT-WS was fed. Source of protein did not affect (P > .10) OM or fiber digestion in the rumen or total tract. Ruminal digestion of NDF and ADF was increased (P < .01) by 51 and 40%, respectively, when AHP-WS was fed than when UNT-WS was fed. Main effect means (P > .10) for N flow to the duodenum as a percentage of N intake were 128.2, 142.5, 133.4, and 137.6 for UNT-WS, AHP-WS, SBM, and BM treatments, respectively. Despite increased (P < .01) ruminal OM digestion for AHP-WS, microbial N flow to the duodenum was greater (P < .01) when UNT-WS was fed than when APH-WS was fed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3909-3915
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume70
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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