Effects of surfactants on Faraday-wave dynamics

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Abstract

The damping rates, natural frequencies and amplitudes of parametrically excited, standing, water waves in a partially filled, right circular cylinder are measured and compared to existing theoretical models that assume wave slopes are small. The water surfaces were covered by insoluble monomolecular (surfactant) films of oleyl alcohol, lecithin, diolein, cholesterol, and arachidyl alcohol whose concentrations were varied from zero (clean) to saturation; wave slopes were varied from about 0.1 to 1.2. Measured damping rates increased with increasing film concentration as predicted using films of oleyl alcohol, lecithin, and diolein, even when wave slopes were about one. Measured damping rates increased with increasing film concentration as predicted, using films of cholesterol and arachidyl alcohol when wave slopes were small, but not when wave slopes were large. In fact, the measured damping rates for large-slope waves on these films were equivalent to those of waves on a clean surface. Measured natural frequencies varied as predicted for all films, but were about 5% larger. Contact-line effects are incorporated, using an empirical value for contact-line speed, to account for discrepancies between measurements and predictions of damping rates and natural frequencies. Measured steady-state amplitudes agreed well with predictions that used measured damping rates and natural frequencies in the calculations for all films except lecithin and arachidyl alcohol for which there was significant disagreement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-107
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume365
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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