Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine

Sihun Lee, Kun Tong, Bryan David Quay, James V. Zello, Domenic A. Santavicca

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Abstract

    The effects of intake-generated swirl and tumble on cold start performance have been investigated in a firing single-cylinder Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) engine. The engine utilizes a Ford Zetec cylinder head modified for GDI operation and a fused silica cylinder which provides extensive optical access to the combustion chamber. Uniquely designed port-inserts were positioned in the intake ports to generate enhanced swirling or tumbling motion inside the cylinder. Experiments were conducted using a constant speed (∼ 900 rpm) simulated cold start procedure, where the engine is motored for approximately 40 cycles, after which fuel injection and spark ignition commence and continue for 190 cycles and then the engine is stopped. Measurements were made of the various engine temperatures, engine-out total hydrocarbon emissions, and in-cylinder pressure throughout the test period. The engine combustion quality during cold start was quantified by the amount of accumulated engine-out hydrocarbons over the test period for each flow system. The pre-combustion, in-cylinder fuel distribution was also visualized using two-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence and evaluated in terms of fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing. The results show that both swirling and tumbling motions enhance fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing and result in better cold start performance of the GDI engine. Another advantage of utilizing swirling or tumbling motion is that ignition timing can be delayed, due to faster burning, which allows more time for fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
    EventInternational Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Paris, France
    Duration: Jun 19 2000Jun 22 2000

    Other

    OtherInternational Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
    CountryFrance
    CityParis
    Period6/19/006/22/00

    Fingerprint

    Direct injection
    Gasoline
    Engines
    Engine cylinders
    Barreling
    Vaporization
    Ignition
    Air
    Hydrocarbons
    Cylinder heads
    Fuel injection
    Fused silica
    Combustion chambers
    Electric sparks
    Fluorescence
    Lasers

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Automotive Engineering
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Pollution
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

    Cite this

    Lee, S., Tong, K., Quay, B. D., Zello, J. V., & Santavicca, D. A. (2000). Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine. Paper presented at International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Paris, France. https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1900
    Lee, Sihun ; Tong, Kun ; Quay, Bryan David ; Zello, James V. ; Santavicca, Domenic A. / Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine. Paper presented at International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Paris, France.
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    abstract = "The effects of intake-generated swirl and tumble on cold start performance have been investigated in a firing single-cylinder Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) engine. The engine utilizes a Ford Zetec cylinder head modified for GDI operation and a fused silica cylinder which provides extensive optical access to the combustion chamber. Uniquely designed port-inserts were positioned in the intake ports to generate enhanced swirling or tumbling motion inside the cylinder. Experiments were conducted using a constant speed (∼ 900 rpm) simulated cold start procedure, where the engine is motored for approximately 40 cycles, after which fuel injection and spark ignition commence and continue for 190 cycles and then the engine is stopped. Measurements were made of the various engine temperatures, engine-out total hydrocarbon emissions, and in-cylinder pressure throughout the test period. The engine combustion quality during cold start was quantified by the amount of accumulated engine-out hydrocarbons over the test period for each flow system. The pre-combustion, in-cylinder fuel distribution was also visualized using two-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence and evaluated in terms of fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing. The results show that both swirling and tumbling motions enhance fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing and result in better cold start performance of the GDI engine. Another advantage of utilizing swirling or tumbling motion is that ignition timing can be delayed, due to faster burning, which allows more time for fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing.",
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    Lee, S, Tong, K, Quay, BD, Zello, JV & Santavicca, DA 2000, 'Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine' Paper presented at International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Paris, France, 6/19/00 - 6/22/00, . https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1900

    Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine. / Lee, Sihun; Tong, Kun; Quay, Bryan David; Zello, James V.; Santavicca, Domenic A.

    2000. Paper presented at International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Paris, France.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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    T1 - Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine

    AU - Lee, Sihun

    AU - Tong, Kun

    AU - Quay, Bryan David

    AU - Zello, James V.

    AU - Santavicca, Domenic A.

    PY - 2000/12/1

    Y1 - 2000/12/1

    N2 - The effects of intake-generated swirl and tumble on cold start performance have been investigated in a firing single-cylinder Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) engine. The engine utilizes a Ford Zetec cylinder head modified for GDI operation and a fused silica cylinder which provides extensive optical access to the combustion chamber. Uniquely designed port-inserts were positioned in the intake ports to generate enhanced swirling or tumbling motion inside the cylinder. Experiments were conducted using a constant speed (∼ 900 rpm) simulated cold start procedure, where the engine is motored for approximately 40 cycles, after which fuel injection and spark ignition commence and continue for 190 cycles and then the engine is stopped. Measurements were made of the various engine temperatures, engine-out total hydrocarbon emissions, and in-cylinder pressure throughout the test period. The engine combustion quality during cold start was quantified by the amount of accumulated engine-out hydrocarbons over the test period for each flow system. The pre-combustion, in-cylinder fuel distribution was also visualized using two-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence and evaluated in terms of fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing. The results show that both swirling and tumbling motions enhance fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing and result in better cold start performance of the GDI engine. Another advantage of utilizing swirling or tumbling motion is that ignition timing can be delayed, due to faster burning, which allows more time for fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing.

    AB - The effects of intake-generated swirl and tumble on cold start performance have been investigated in a firing single-cylinder Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) engine. The engine utilizes a Ford Zetec cylinder head modified for GDI operation and a fused silica cylinder which provides extensive optical access to the combustion chamber. Uniquely designed port-inserts were positioned in the intake ports to generate enhanced swirling or tumbling motion inside the cylinder. Experiments were conducted using a constant speed (∼ 900 rpm) simulated cold start procedure, where the engine is motored for approximately 40 cycles, after which fuel injection and spark ignition commence and continue for 190 cycles and then the engine is stopped. Measurements were made of the various engine temperatures, engine-out total hydrocarbon emissions, and in-cylinder pressure throughout the test period. The engine combustion quality during cold start was quantified by the amount of accumulated engine-out hydrocarbons over the test period for each flow system. The pre-combustion, in-cylinder fuel distribution was also visualized using two-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence and evaluated in terms of fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing. The results show that both swirling and tumbling motions enhance fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing and result in better cold start performance of the GDI engine. Another advantage of utilizing swirling or tumbling motion is that ignition timing can be delayed, due to faster burning, which allows more time for fuel vaporization and fuel-air mixing.

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    Lee S, Tong K, Quay BD, Zello JV, Santavicca DA. Effects of swirl and tumble on mixture preparation during cold start of a gasoline direct-injection engine. 2000. Paper presented at International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Paris, France. https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1900