Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment

Atila Novoselac, Donghyun Rim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The concentration of inhaled contaminants is considerably affected by the airflow and pollutant transport in the vicinity of a human body. The distribution of contaminants in a room can vary significantly, depending on the ventilation system. The thermal plume from the heat generated by the human body can transport contaminants from or towards the human breathing zone. This paper focuses on an analysis of local airflow created by thermal plume and effects of the plume on particulate contaminant distribution. Based on experimental measurements, the effects of thermal plume on both the age-of-air and the particle distribution are analyzed. An environmental chamber equipped with a breathing thermal manikin is used to characterize the interaction between a thermal plume and the overall air motion in the room. The paper provides analysis of the stability of plume when different phenomena distract the airflow. The effects of physical movement, human breathing, and fan-powered air mixing are considered. The results show that the concentration of particulate matter in inhaled air is smaller than the concentration of particulate matter in other parts of the space. For the analyzed cases, correlations are detected between the age-of-air and particle concentration. Results show that locations with larger age-of-air values have a higher concentration of particulate matter of size 0.5 -2.5μm. Also, the analysis shows that the influence of physical movement, breathing, and fan operation weaken the protective upward airflow of thermal plume. However, a considerable upward airflow in the vicinity of the occupant is present even with fan-mixing airflow in the space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality
Subtitle of host publicationProblems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006
Pages845-857
Number of pages13
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
EventA and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006 - Durham, NC, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2006Jul 19 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006
Volume2

Other

OtherA and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006
CountryUnited States
CityDurham, NC
Period7/17/067/19/06

Fingerprint

Thermal plumes
airflow
plume
Air
Impurities
air
Fans
particulate matter
pollutant transport
pollutant
Environmental chambers
Thermal effects
Ventilation
effect
human body
pollutant exposure
indoor environment
ventilation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Novoselac, A., & Rim, D. (2006). Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment. In Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006 (pp. 845-857). (Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006; Vol. 2).
Novoselac, Atila ; Rim, Donghyun. / Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment. Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006. 2006. pp. 845-857 (Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006).
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abstract = "The concentration of inhaled contaminants is considerably affected by the airflow and pollutant transport in the vicinity of a human body. The distribution of contaminants in a room can vary significantly, depending on the ventilation system. The thermal plume from the heat generated by the human body can transport contaminants from or towards the human breathing zone. This paper focuses on an analysis of local airflow created by thermal plume and effects of the plume on particulate contaminant distribution. Based on experimental measurements, the effects of thermal plume on both the age-of-air and the particle distribution are analyzed. An environmental chamber equipped with a breathing thermal manikin is used to characterize the interaction between a thermal plume and the overall air motion in the room. The paper provides analysis of the stability of plume when different phenomena distract the airflow. The effects of physical movement, human breathing, and fan-powered air mixing are considered. The results show that the concentration of particulate matter in inhaled air is smaller than the concentration of particulate matter in other parts of the space. For the analyzed cases, correlations are detected between the age-of-air and particle concentration. Results show that locations with larger age-of-air values have a higher concentration of particulate matter of size 0.5 -2.5μm. Also, the analysis shows that the influence of physical movement, breathing, and fan operation weaken the protective upward airflow of thermal plume. However, a considerable upward airflow in the vicinity of the occupant is present even with fan-mixing airflow in the space.",
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Novoselac, A & Rim, D 2006, Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment. in Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006. Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006, vol. 2, pp. 845-857, A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006, Durham, NC, United States, 7/17/06.

Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment. / Novoselac, Atila; Rim, Donghyun.

Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006. 2006. p. 845-857 (Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Novoselac A, Rim D. Effects of the human body's thermal plume on pollutant exposure in an indoor environment. In Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006. 2006. p. 845-857. (Proceedings of the A and WMA Indoor Environmental Quality: Problems, Research and Solutions Conference 2006).