Effects of training goals and goal orientation traits on multidimensional training outcomes and performance adaptability

Steve W.J. Kozlowski, Stanley M. Gully, Kenneth G. Brown, Eduardo Salas, Eleanor M. Smith, Earl R. Nason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

315 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research examined the effects of mastery vs. performance training goals and learning and performance goal orientation traits on multidimensional outcomes of training. Training outcomes included declarative knowledge, knowledge structure coherence, training performance, and self-efficacy. We also examined the unique impact of the training outcomes on performance adaptability by predicting generalization to a more difficult and complex version of the task. The experiment involved 60 trainees learning a complex computer simulation over 2 days. The research model posited independent effects for training goals relative to goal orientation traits and independent contributions of training outcomes to the performance adaptability of trainees. The findings were consistent with the proposed model. In particular, self-efficacy and knowledge structure coherence made unique contributions to the prediction of performance adaptability after controlling for prior training performance and declarative knowledge. Implications and extensions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-31
Number of pages31
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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