Effects of visual arts instruction on the mental health of adults with mental retardation and mental illness

Sharon M. Malley, John Dattilo, David Gast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-subject multiple probe designs were employed in two studies with 5 young adults who had a dual diagnosis of mental retardation and mental illness. Our aim was to determine effects of instruction designed to teach visual arts activity skills and promote personal expressiveness on acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of these skills and behaviors associated with these persons' mental health. In Study 1, a 5-second constant time delay procedure was used to teach three chosen art activities. In Study 2, an instructional package was used to promote personally expressive behaviors. After learning the skills in Study 1, participants in Study 2 displayed improvement in occurrence of behaviors associated with mental illness and increases in personally expressive behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-296
Number of pages19
JournalMental Retardation
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)

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