Effects of wildland fire management on forest carbon stores

Matthew D. Hurteau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fire is a natural process that has shaped many terrestrial systems globally (Bowman et al. 2009). The frequency and extent of fire have fluctuated over time as a result of both changes in climate and human land-use patterns (Marlon et al. 2008). Pechony and Shindell (2010) found that prior to the Industrial Revolution, global fire patterns were driven by precipitation. During the Industrial Revolution, a shift toward human-driven fire occurred because of factors such as biomass burning associated with land-use change, and they predict that global fire patterns will be driven primarily by temperature during the twenty-first century. Understanding the feedbacks between human and natural systems and the climate is paramount to understanding fire as a process that both shapes natural systems and contributes to the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs). At the end of the twentieth and beginning of the twenty-first century, global fire emissions of carbon (C) ranged from 1.5 to 4 Pg·yr−1, equivalent to approximately half of global fossil fuel emissions (Bowman et al. 2009; Van der Werf et al. 2010). Of these fire-based emissions, grasslands and savannas contributed the greatest proportion (44 percent) and tropical peat fires the smallest (3 percent) (Van der Werf et al. 2010). During this period, forest fires accounted for 15 percent of global fire emissions of C. Although global C emissions from forest fires are relatively small compared with total carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (38 Pg in 2004), the significance of forest fire emissions is not inconsequential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLand use and the Carbon Cycle
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Integrated Science, Management, and Policy
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages359-380
Number of pages22
Volume9781107011243
ISBN (Electronic)9780511894824
ISBN (Print)9781107011243
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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