Efficacy and safety of Creon® 24,000 in subjects with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis

Bruce C. Trapnell, Karen Maguiness, Gavin Graff, David Boyd, Katrin Beckmann, Steven Caras

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43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is critical for adequate nutrition in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). Methods: This was a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study assessing efficacy and safety of Creon 24,000-unit capsules in CF subjects ≥ 12 years with EPI. Patients were randomised to one of two 5-day sequences, Creon/placebo or placebo/Creon (target dose, 4000 lipase units/g fat). Primary outcome was the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA); secondary outcomes were coefficient of nitrogen absorption (CNA), symptoms, and safety. Results: Thirty-two subjects were randomised. Mean CFA and CNA were significantly greater with Creon than placebo (CFA, 88.6% vs. 49.6%; CNA, 85.1% vs. 49.9%; p < 0.001 for both). Symptoms were improved and fewer treatment-emergent adverse events were reported with Creon than placebo. One patient discontinued for weight loss unrelated to study drug. Conclusions: This study demonstrated Creon was effective in treating EPI due to CF and was safe and well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-377
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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