Efficacy of anterior gastric fundoplication in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in infants and children

David Bliss, Ronald Hirschl, Keith Oldham, Janine Chey, Robert Cilley, Caroline Blane, Alan Olson, Barry Shulkin, Arnold Coran

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Abstract

Anterior gastric fundoplication (AGF) has been performed at the University of Michigan since 1988. To objectively evaluate the long-term efficacy of the AGF, the authors performed a study of children who had undergone AGF between June 1988 and June 1990 (n = 46). Six of them died of unrelated causes. Twenty-two consented to follow-up evaluation that included parental interview, physical examination, upper gastrointestinal series (UGI), 24-hour esophageal pH probe monitoring (EpH), and a liquid-phase gastric emptying study. Twenty patients (74%) remained asymptomatic, patients exhibited gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by UGI, and three others by EpH. Three children were noted to have delayed gastric emptying. These results compare favorably with data previously reported from this institution of a 5-year follow-up of children after Nissen fundoplication. There is a trend toward improved efficacy (87% v 74%; P = .12), decreased reoperation rate (4% v 14%; P = .11), and less severe complications. The present study shows that AGF is effective treatment for GER when evaluated by objective studies and is comparable in therapeutic efficacy and safety to the Nissen fundoplication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1071-1075
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1994

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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