Efficacy of standards vs. incentives for managing the environmental impacts of agriculture

Robert D. Weaver, Jayson Kennedy Harper, William J. Gillmeister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The environmental impacts of agriculture depend on both the longrun and shortrun production decisions of farmers. In the longrun, technologies and quasi-fixed factors are selected and put in place through investment. In the shortrun, production plans are made and implemented conditionally upon available technologies and quasi-fixed factors. An important implication is that the environmental effects of agricultural activities result from an integration of economic decisions, private good production practices and biophysical processes. Viewed from a system perspective, these processes transform a set of private and environmental inputs into a set of private good and environmental outputs. It follows from this logic that the environmental impacts or performance of agriculture result not only from the nature of available technologies, but also how those technical opportunities are exploited in response to market and public policy incentives and constraints. This paper presents results of an application of such an integrated model of biophysical and economic processes to evaluate the potential responsiveness of water quality impacts of agricultural field crop practices to changes in economic incentives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-188
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Agriculture
Environmental impact
incentive
Economics
economics
environmental effect
Crops
Water quality
environmental impact
transform
agriculture
water quality
crop
market
environmental impact of agriculture
decision
environmental performance
plan
economic incentive
policy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{e8c92413328641e796bc808e51e96027,
title = "Efficacy of standards vs. incentives for managing the environmental impacts of agriculture",
abstract = "The environmental impacts of agriculture depend on both the longrun and shortrun production decisions of farmers. In the longrun, technologies and quasi-fixed factors are selected and put in place through investment. In the shortrun, production plans are made and implemented conditionally upon available technologies and quasi-fixed factors. An important implication is that the environmental effects of agricultural activities result from an integration of economic decisions, private good production practices and biophysical processes. Viewed from a system perspective, these processes transform a set of private and environmental inputs into a set of private good and environmental outputs. It follows from this logic that the environmental impacts or performance of agriculture result not only from the nature of available technologies, but also how those technical opportunities are exploited in response to market and public policy incentives and constraints. This paper presents results of an application of such an integrated model of biophysical and economic processes to evaluate the potential responsiveness of water quality impacts of agricultural field crop practices to changes in economic incentives.",
author = "Weaver, {Robert D.} and Harper, {Jayson Kennedy} and Gillmeister, {William J.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1006/jema.1996.0014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "173--188",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Management",
issn = "0301-4797",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Efficacy of standards vs. incentives for managing the environmental impacts of agriculture. / Weaver, Robert D.; Harper, Jayson Kennedy; Gillmeister, William J.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.01.1996, p. 173-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy of standards vs. incentives for managing the environmental impacts of agriculture

AU - Weaver, Robert D.

AU - Harper, Jayson Kennedy

AU - Gillmeister, William J.

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - The environmental impacts of agriculture depend on both the longrun and shortrun production decisions of farmers. In the longrun, technologies and quasi-fixed factors are selected and put in place through investment. In the shortrun, production plans are made and implemented conditionally upon available technologies and quasi-fixed factors. An important implication is that the environmental effects of agricultural activities result from an integration of economic decisions, private good production practices and biophysical processes. Viewed from a system perspective, these processes transform a set of private and environmental inputs into a set of private good and environmental outputs. It follows from this logic that the environmental impacts or performance of agriculture result not only from the nature of available technologies, but also how those technical opportunities are exploited in response to market and public policy incentives and constraints. This paper presents results of an application of such an integrated model of biophysical and economic processes to evaluate the potential responsiveness of water quality impacts of agricultural field crop practices to changes in economic incentives.

AB - The environmental impacts of agriculture depend on both the longrun and shortrun production decisions of farmers. In the longrun, technologies and quasi-fixed factors are selected and put in place through investment. In the shortrun, production plans are made and implemented conditionally upon available technologies and quasi-fixed factors. An important implication is that the environmental effects of agricultural activities result from an integration of economic decisions, private good production practices and biophysical processes. Viewed from a system perspective, these processes transform a set of private and environmental inputs into a set of private good and environmental outputs. It follows from this logic that the environmental impacts or performance of agriculture result not only from the nature of available technologies, but also how those technical opportunities are exploited in response to market and public policy incentives and constraints. This paper presents results of an application of such an integrated model of biophysical and economic processes to evaluate the potential responsiveness of water quality impacts of agricultural field crop practices to changes in economic incentives.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029667374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029667374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/jema.1996.0014

DO - 10.1006/jema.1996.0014

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029667374

VL - 46

SP - 173

EP - 188

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

IS - 2

ER -