Efficiencies of forestry best management practices for reducing sediment and nutrient losses in the Eastern United States

Pamela J Edwards, Karl W.J. Williard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantifying the effects of forestry best management practices (BMPs) on sediment and nutrient loads is a critical need. Through an exhaustive literature search, three paired forested watershed studies in the eastern United States were found that permitted the calculation of BMP efficiencies-the percent reduction in sediment or nutrients achieved by BMPs. For sediment, BMP efficiencies ranged from 53 to 94% during harvest and up to 1 year after harvesting. For nutrients, BMP efficiencies were higher for total nitrogen (60-80%) and phosphorus (85-86%), which included particulate and sedimentbound forms, than for nitrate-nitrogen (12%), which occurs primarily in the dissolved phase. Results indicate forestry BMPs can significantly reduce sediment and nutrient loads; however, BMPs appear to be more effective at reducing pollutants associated with surface runoff than with subsurface flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-249
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Forestry
Volume108
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Plant Science

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