Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms

Xiaokun Ma, Hong Goo Yeo, Christopher D. Rahn, Susan Trolier-McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Piezoelectric energy harvesters typically perform poorly in the low frequency, low amplitude, and intermittent excitation environment of human movement. In this paper, a piezoelectric compliant mechanism (PCM) energy harvester is designed, modeled, and analyzed that consists of a PZT unimorph clamped at the base and attached to a compliant mechanism at the tip. The compliant mechanism has two flexures that amplify the tip displacement to produce large motion of a proof mass and a low frequency first mode with an efficient (nearly quadratic) shape. The compliant mechanism is fabricated as a separate, relatively rigid frame with flexure hinges, simplifying the fabrication process and surrounding and protecting the PZT unimorph. The bridge structure of the PCM also introduces an axial tensioning nonlinearity that self-limits the response to large amplitude impacts, improving the robustness of the device. Comparing the time domain performance based on realistic wrist acceleration data, the PCM produces 6 times more average power than a proof mass cantilever with the same unimorph area and natural frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2015Aug 5 2015

Other

OtherASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period8/2/158/5/15

Fingerprint

Compliant mechanisms
Compliant Mechanism
Energy Harvesting
Energy harvesting
Harvesters
Flexure
Low Frequency
Cantilever
Hinges
Energy
Natural Frequency
Time Domain
Natural frequencies
Fabrication
Excitation
Nonlinearity
Robustness
Motion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

Cite this

Ma, X., Yeo, H. G., Rahn, C. D., & Trolier-McKinstry, S. (2015). Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms. Paper presented at ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201547539
Ma, Xiaokun ; Yeo, Hong Goo ; Rahn, Christopher D. ; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan. / Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms. Paper presented at ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, United States.
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Ma, X, Yeo, HG, Rahn, CD & Trolier-McKinstry, S 2015, 'Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms' Paper presented at ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, United States, 8/2/15 - 8/5/15, . https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201547539

Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms. / Ma, Xiaokun; Yeo, Hong Goo; Rahn, Christopher D.; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan.

2015. Paper presented at ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Ma X, Yeo HG, Rahn CD, Trolier-McKinstry S. Efficient and sensitive energy harvesting using piezoelectric mems compliant mechanisms. 2015. Paper presented at ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015, Boston, United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201547539