Efficient delivery of long-chain fatty aldehydes from the nostoc punctiforme acyl-acyl carrier protein reductase to its cognate aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase

Douglas M. Warui, Maria Eirini Pandelia, Lauren J. Rajakovich, Carsten Krebs, J. Martin Bollinger, Squire J. Booker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A two-step pathway consisting of an acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase (AAR) and an aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase (ADO) allows various cyanobacteria to convert long-chain fatty acids into hydrocarbons. AAR catalyzes the two-electron, NADPH-dependent reduction of a fatty acid attached to ACP via a thioester linkage to the corresponding fatty aldehyde, while ADO transforms the fatty aldehyde to a Cn-1 hydrocarbon and C1-derived formate. Considering that heptadec(a/e)ne is the most prevalent hydrocarbon produced by cyanobacterial ADOs, the insolubility of its precursor, octadec(a/e)nal, poses a conundrum with respect to its acquisition by ADO. Herein, we report that AAR from the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme is activated almost 20-fold by potassium and other monovalent cations of similar ionic radius, and that AAR and ADO form a tight isolable complex with a Kd of 3 ± 0.3 μM. In addition, we show that when the aldehyde substrate is supplied to ADO by AAR, efficient in vitro turnover is observed in the absence of solubilizing agents. Similarly to studies by Lin et al. with AAR from Synechococcus elongatus [Lin et al. (2013) FEBS J. 280, 4773-4781], we show that catalysis by AAR proceeds via formation of a covalent intermediate involving a cysteine residue that we have identified as Cys294. Moreover, AAR specifically transfers the pro-R hydride of NADPH to the Cys294-thioester intermediate to afford its aldehyde product. Our results suggest that the interaction between AAR and ADO facilitates either direct transfer of the aldehyde product of AAR to ADO or formation of the aldehyde product in a microenvironment allowing for its efficient uptake by ADO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1006-1015
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

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