Efficient metal removal and neutralization of acid mine drainage by crab-shell chitin under batch and continuous-flow conditions

Mary Ann Robinson-Lora, Rachel Alice Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crab-shell chitin was evaluated as a multifunctional substrate for treating acid mine drainage (AMD) in both batch-microcosms and continuous-flow column tests. In microcosms, crab-shell chitin was able to treat AMD from three different sites with similar results: pH increased from 3.5 to ∼7.5 within 2 days; alkalinity increased at a rate of 37.9 ± 2.2 mg CaCO3/L day; and sulfate was reduced at a rate of - 13.6 ± 2.6 mg SO4 2 - / L day. In columns, a hydraulic retention time of 11.2 h was enough to raise the pH from 3.5 to ∼7.5. Alkalinity increased at a rate of 50 ± 20 mg CaCO3/day, and lasted throughout the duration of the test (125 days, 268 pore volumes (PV)) without showing signs of exhaustion. Metals (Al, Fe, and Mn) were completely removed for 171 PV, and geochemical modeling indicates that they likely precipitated as insoluble hydr(oxides), sulfides, and carbonates. Manganese and iron breakthroughs occurred after 174 and 234 PV, respectively, whereas aluminum breakthrough was never observed. These results demonstrate for the first time that crab-shell chitin can completely remove metals and neutralize the pH of AMD under continuous-flow conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5063-5071
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource technology
Volume100
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

Chitin
chitin
acid mine drainage
neutralization
Drainage
crab
Metals
shell
Alkalinity
microcosm
alkalinity
Acids
metal
Carbonates
Sulfides
Manganese
Aluminum
Oxides
Sulfates
manganese

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "Crab-shell chitin was evaluated as a multifunctional substrate for treating acid mine drainage (AMD) in both batch-microcosms and continuous-flow column tests. In microcosms, crab-shell chitin was able to treat AMD from three different sites with similar results: pH increased from 3.5 to ∼7.5 within 2 days; alkalinity increased at a rate of 37.9 ± 2.2 mg CaCO3/L day; and sulfate was reduced at a rate of - 13.6 ± 2.6 mg SO4 2 - / L day. In columns, a hydraulic retention time of 11.2 h was enough to raise the pH from 3.5 to ∼7.5. Alkalinity increased at a rate of 50 ± 20 mg CaCO3/day, and lasted throughout the duration of the test (125 days, 268 pore volumes (PV)) without showing signs of exhaustion. Metals (Al, Fe, and Mn) were completely removed for 171 PV, and geochemical modeling indicates that they likely precipitated as insoluble hydr(oxides), sulfides, and carbonates. Manganese and iron breakthroughs occurred after 174 and 234 PV, respectively, whereas aluminum breakthrough was never observed. These results demonstrate for the first time that crab-shell chitin can completely remove metals and neutralize the pH of AMD under continuous-flow conditions.",
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Efficient metal removal and neutralization of acid mine drainage by crab-shell chitin under batch and continuous-flow conditions. / Robinson-Lora, Mary Ann; Brennan, Rachel Alice.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 100, No. 21, 01.11.2009, p. 5063-5071.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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