Efficient Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters Utilizing (001) Textured Bimorph PZT Films on Flexible Metal Foils

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Extracting energy from low vibration frequencies (<10 Hz) using piezoelectric energy harvester promises continuous self-powering for sensors and wearables. The piezoelectric compliant mechanism (PCM) design provides a significantly higher efficiency by fostering a uniform strain for its 1st mode shape, and so is interesting for this application. In this paper, a PCM energy harvester with bimorph Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) films on Ni foil deposited by rf magnetron sputtering is shown to have high efficiency and large power for low frequency mechanical vibration. In particular, {001} textured PZT films are deposited on both sides of polished Ni foils with (100) oriented LaNiO3 seed layers on HfO2 buffer layers. The performance of PCM with an active area of 5.2 cm2 is explored for various excitation accelerations (0.02–0.16 g [g = 9.8 m s−2]) around 6 Hz. The PCM device provides a power level of 3.9 mW cm−2 g2 and 65% mode shape efficiencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5940-5946
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number32
StatePublished - Aug 23 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

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