Effortful Control and Interpersonal Behavior in Daily Life

Nicole M. Cain, Kevin B. Meehan, Michael J. Roche, John F. Clarkin, Chiara De Panfilis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The Cognitive-Affective Processing System (CAPS) was used to examine effortful control (EC) as a moderator of daily interpersonal behavior. Participants (N = 240) were nonclinical young adults who completed a 7-day event-contingent experience sampling study of interpersonal perception and affect. Multilevel linear models indicated that EC moderated within-person covariation of interpersonal warmth and affect activation; high EC individuals reported greater momentary warm behaviors when perceiving others as affectively activated. EC also amplified between-person covariation of interpersonal warmth between self and others; high EC individuals generally responded to perceptions of another's warmth with a greater degree of warm behavior. Varying levels of EC predict responses to interpersonal perceptions and affect in daily life, suggesting an important dimension for interpersonal functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-325
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 4 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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